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  • The Chief of the Naval Staff is the commander and the highest-ranking officer in the Indian Navy. The position is abbreviated CNS in Indian Navy cables and communication, and usually held by a four-star officer in the rank of Admiral. The current CNS is Admiral Sunil Lanba. The 23rd Navy Chief, he took over from Admiral Robin K. Dhowan, who retired on 31 May 2016 after four decades of service from the navy.
  • The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces — the other two forces included in safeguarding the country are the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy, while the Chief of Naval Staff commands the Navy.
  • The primary objective of the Indian Navy is to protect the country’s maritime borders and help in the expansion of its forces. The naval body, whose establishment can be traced back to the 17th century, is bestowed with various responsibilities. From defeating threats to developing indigenous systems and weapons, the Indian Navy operates above, on and under the surface of the ocean to help create a secure maritime environment.

When is Navy Day celebrated?

Navy Day is celebrated in India on December 4. On the eve of December 4, the Indian Navy organises a Beating Retreat and Tatoo Ceremony at the Gateway of India in Mumbai.

What was Operation Trident?

  • Operation Trident was conducted in the night intervening December 4 and 5 when the Navy launched an attack on the Pakistan Naval Headquarters in Karachi. India drowned four Pakistani vessels and ravaged the Karachi harbour fuel fields. The operation killed over 500 Pakistani Navy personnel, while the Indian side suffered no losses.
  • Operation Trident was followed up with another attack by the Indian Navy, code-named Operation Python. Again, India did not suffer any losses in the offensive and managed to damage Pakistani fleet tanker PNS Dacca beyond repair while causing them to lose the Kemari Oil Storage facility as well.

Why is Navy Day celebrated?

Navy Day is celebrated to invoke the memory of the launch of Operation Trident during the Indo-Pak war in 1971. The day is celebrated as a mark of reverence to those who were martyred in the war.

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