International Current Affairs – November 2018

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International Current Affairs – November 2018

In this we have given, November Month International Current Affairs and their other details. This is very important for all Competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, RRB, and all PSC Examinations.

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International Affairs

Qatar sets up support fund for migrant workers

  • Qatar has set up a support fund for foreign workers who run into difficulties for not being paid, the latest in a series of UN-backed labour reforms.

Japan cabinet approves bill to accept foreign workers

  • Japan’s cabinet approved a draft bill to bring more blue-collar foreign workers into the country to address chronic labour shortages.

Over 7 million Yemeni children face serious famine threat: UN

  • Over seven million children face a serious threat of famine in Yemen – UN children’s agency, UNICEF, said.

UK plans new fund for Indian soldiers who fought in World Wars

  • The UK government has unveiled plans to offer support to Indian soldiers who fought for Britain during the two World Wars.

Palau to ban sunscreen

  • In an attempt to protect the coral reefs, the Pacific nation of Palau will soon ban “reef-toxic” sunscreen from 2020.

Rome Film Festival

  • India was partner country at Videocittà 2018, an event focussing on Virtual Reality, Video gaming, Animation, Film Making, etc. was organized along with Rome Film Festival.
  • India Pavilion Inaugurated at Videocittà 2018 in Rome Film Festival.

Sri Lankan MPs bring no-confidence motion against newly appointed PM

  • In Sri Lanka, the group of MPs led by deposed Prime Minister Ranil Wickremsinghe brought a no-confidence motion against newly appointed Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Turkey Opens New Airport

  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan opened the new Istanbul Airport. It will be one of the World’s busiest.

Boat burning festival

  • The Boat burning festival happens every three years in Taiwan. It is one of Taiwan’s top folk festivals.

Relaxation of recruitment criteria for Commonwealth nationals in armed forces

  • The UK government announced relaxation of recruitment criteria for Commonwealth nationals to apply for jobs in its armed forces.

Replica of first permanently crewed space station unveiled

  • China has unveiled a replica of its first permanently crewed space station, which would replace the international community’s orbiting laboratory, ISS.

US sanctions for buying Iranian oil exempted

  • The United States exempted eight countries, including India from the US sanctions for buying Iranian oil. These include China, Japan, Italy, Greece, South Korea, Taiwan and Turkey.

US grants Iraq sanctions waiver to buy Iranian electricity

  • The United States has granted Iraq a waiver to allow it to keep importing electricity from neighbouring Iran despite renewed American sanctions on Tehran.

Taiwan commissions warships amid China threat warnings

  • Taiwan commissioned a pair of guided missile frigates that are expected to boost the island’s ability to counter Chinese submarines amid rising military threats from Beijing.

United States Midterm elections

  • In the United States Midterm elections, opposition Democrats have captured the House of Representatives while President Donald Trump’s Republican Party retains its majority in the Senate.

UN issues Diya stamps to celebrate Diwali

  • The United Nations Postal System has issued stamps with ‘Diyas’ lamps to mark the celebration of Diwali.

US to deny asylum to illegal border crossers

  • The United States will no longer allow people who enter the country illegally to claim asylum.
  • The new rule was published by the Department of Homeland Security and is expected to get President Donald Trump’s signature shortly.

Parliamentary elections in Bangladesh

  • Parliamentary elections to be held on December 23 in Bangladesh.

Sri Lankan Parliament dissolved

  • The President Maithripala Sirisena had dissolved Parliament through a gazette notification and called for elections on 5th January.

China clinches multi-billion-dollar strategic port deal with Myanmar

  • China has clinched a multi-billion-dollar deal to build a port at a strategic town along the coast of the Bay of Bengal in Myanmar, its third project in India’s neighbourhood after Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

U.S. to halt refueling of Saudi-led coalition aircraft

  • The United States is halting refueling of aircraft from the Saudi-led coalition engaged in Yemen, Saudi Arabia, a move that would end one of the most divisive aspects of U.S. assistance to the Saudi war effort.

WWI centenary commemoration in Paris

  • Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu, who is on a three-day visit to Paris, represented India at the Armistice of World War I centenary commemoration in Paris.
  • Armistice Day marks the 100 years since the end of World War One on 11 November 1918.

More than 200 people died in latest outbreak of Ebola in Congo

  • In the Democratic Republic of Congo, more than 200 people have now died in the latest outbreak of Ebola.

China restores ban on trade in tiger, rhino products

  • Tiger bone and rhino horn have continued to be used for medicinal purposes even though there is hardly any proof of their effectiveness. Instead, this has resulted in a gradual decrease in animal stocks. Hence after international criticism, China restores ban on trade in tiger, rhino products

Amnesty International strips Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi of highest honour

  • Amnesty International has withdrawn its most prestigious human rights prize from Aung San Suu Kyi, accusing the Myanmar leader of perpetuating human rights abuses by not speaking out about violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority.

India votes against UNGA draft resolution on use of death penalty

  • India has voted against a United Nations General Assembly draft resolution on the use of death penalty, saying it goes against the statutory law of the country where an execution is carried out in the “rarest of rare” cases.

US State Department declares Jawad Nasrallah as global terrorist

  • The US State Department has declared Jawad Nasrallah, the son of Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah, as a global terrorist as it steps up pressure on the Lebanese militia group.

UAE to participate in Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit for 2nd consecutive year

  • UAE will participate in the ‘Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit’, as a partner country for the second consecutive year. The Summit is scheduled from 18th to 20th January, 2019.

Another no-confidence motion against new government

  • Sri Lanka’s Parliament passed another no Confidence motion against the new government of Mahinda Rajapaksa.

US to accuse Iran of violating chemical weapons treaty

  • The Trump administration is poised to accuse Iran of violating an international treaty that bans chemical weapons. Iran is not complying with the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention, which outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.

UN committee condemns rights violations against Rohingya

  • A key UN committee approved a resolution strongly condemning the continuing “gross human rights violations and abuses” against Rohingya Muslims who are treated as outsiders in Myanmar.

Brexit: EU leaders dismiss talk of renegotiating draft agreement

  • European Union leaders have dismissed talk of renegotiating the draft Brexit deal and warned the UK’s political situation could make a no-deal more likely.

UNSC condemns killing of UN peacekeepers & national soldiers in DRC

  • UN Security Council has condemned the killing of at least 20 soldiers during operations against insurgents in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

UNSC unanimously agrees to lift sanctions against Eritrea after nine years

  • The United Nations Security Council has unanimously agreed to lift sanctions against Eritrea after nine years.
  • An arms embargo, asset freeze, and travel ban were imposed in 2009 amid claims that Eritrea supported al-Shabab militants in Somalia.

US to stop hundreds of millions of dollars military aid to Pakistan

  • US President Donald Trump has defended his administration’s decision to stop hundreds of millions of dollars military aid to Pakistan.

Maldives cabinet approves to rejoin Commonwealth

  • The Maldives cabinet has approved to rejoin the Commonwealth, two years after withdrawing from the 53-nation grouping.

Guatemala: Fuego volcano erupted

  • In Guatemala, Fuego volcano has erupted for the fifth time this year, sending bursts of ash and lava down the mountain.

British PM wins business support for draft Brexit deal

  • British Prime Minister Theresa May won support from big business for her draft Brexit deal ahead of intense negotiations with Brussels in the coming week.

UN migration pact

  • Australian government has announced that it would reject a UN migration pact already denounced by the United States and several European countries.

US suspends security assistance to Pakistan

  • The United States has suspended its 1.66 billion dollar security assistance to Pakistan.
  • So far Pakistan has taken no serious steps to address the core US concern that Pakistan often encourages groups which use violence against its neighbors.

Saudi, UAE announce USD 500 million in aid to war-torn Yemen

  • Saudi Arabia and the UAE, which lead a military coalition against the Huthi rebels in Yemen announced USD 500 million in aid to the country on the brink of famine.
  • Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates will each give USD 250 million in response to the food crisis to support more than 10 million people.

‘ConMac 2018’

  • Nepal’s largest exhibition on construction equipment and technology “ConMac 2018” started in Bhaktapur near Kathmandu.
  • The 3 day mega event is organised by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in association with Embassy of India.

Beijing’s Population falls for first time in 2 Decades

  • The population of China’s capital, Beijing, declined for the first time in two decades in 2017.

UN’s atomic watchdog calls on North Korea to re-admit nuclear inspectors

  • The head of the UN’s atomic watchdog, International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, has called on North Korea to allow inspectors back into the country to monitor its nuclear program.

UNSC grants exemption from sanctions to North & South Korea

  • The UN Security Council has granted an exemption from sanctions to North and South Korea to jointly conduct a survey on reconnecting railways across their border.

Inauguration of the Kartarpur Sahib corridor

  • Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu to lay the foundation stone for the construction of the the visa-free corridor from the Indian side to Gurdwara Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur in Pakistan on November 26.
  • The Union Cabinet recently approved a proposal to build the corridor. Pakistan accepted New Delhi’s request to open the corridor ahead of Guru Nanak’s 550th birth anniversary in November 2019. The shrine is located on the banks of the Ravi at Kartarpur in Narowal district of Pakistan Punjab, 3 km from the border.

27 EU leaders approve terms of Brexit deal

  • The leaders of the 27 other European Union members states on Sunday approved the terms of a historic Brexit deal with Britain, at a special summit in Brussels.
  • Britain will leave the EU on March 29, 2019.

U.S. announces $5 million reward

  • On the 10th anniversary of the Mumbai terror attack, the state department’s Rewards for Justice (RFJ) programme offered a new reward for up to $5 million for information leading to the arrest or conviction of any individual who was involved in planning or facilitating the 2008 Mumbai attack.

Taiwanese reject gay marriage

  • Voters in Taiwan passed a referendum asking that marriage be restricted to one man and one woman, a setback to LGBT couples hoping their island will be the first place in Asia to let same-sex couples share child custody and insurance benefits.

Social Security Scheme

  • Nepal government has launched a Social Security Scheme for formal sector workers of the country. The new social security scheme is contribution based and it will cover health and medical facilities, safe motherhood, accident and physical incapacity security, security to dependent family members and security at old age.
  • The scheme will be compulsorily applicable to formal sector workers. The scheme will soon be extended to informal sector workers as well.

Final vote on Brexit deal with EU

  • British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that the final vote on Brexit agreement with the European Union (EU) will be held on December 11.

Romania “strongly supports” India’s proposal in UN

  • Romania “strongly supports” India’s proposal in UN for Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT).

EU sets goal to be ‘climate neutral’ by 2050

  • The European Union has urged government, businesses, citizens and regions to join it in an ambitious plan to cut emissions and make the bloc carbon neutral by 2050.

South Korea tests space rocket engine

  • South Korea conducted a rocket engine test launch, paving the way for the development of its own space launch vehicle. It is the first such launch in South Korea since 2013.

UK amends weapons bill to ensure right to possession of kirpans by Sikhs

  • The UK government has confirmed an amendment to a new weapons bill going through the Parliament to ensure that it would not impact the right of the British Sikh community to possess and supply kirpans, or religious swords. 

Pilot whales die in another mass stranding in New Zealand

  • Fifty-one pilot whales died in another mass stranding in New Zealand, less than a week after 145 pilot whales and nine pygmy killer whales perished in two other, unrelated strandings. 

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