Unity in Diversity PDF Download
- Unity in diversity is a concept of “unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation” that shifts focus from unity based on a mere tolerance of physical, cultural, linguistic, social, religious, political, ideological and/or psychological differences towards a more complex unity based on an understanding that difference enriches human interactions. It has applications in many fields, including ecology, cosmology, philosophy, religion and politics.
- “Unity in diversity” is used as a popular slogan or motto by a variety of religious and political groups as an expression of harmony and unity between dissimilar individuals or groups. The phrase is a deliberate oxymoron, the rhetorical combination of two antonyms, unitas “unity, oneness” and varietas “variety, variousness”. When used in a political context, it is often used to advocate federalism and multiculturalism.
The diversity is a permanent human condition. The concept of unity in diversity can be traced back to Sufi philosopher Ibn al-‘Arabi (1165–1240), who advanced the metaphysical concept of the “oneness of being” (wahdat al-wujud), namely, that reality is one, and that God’s is the only true existence; all other beings are merely shadows, or reflections of God’s qualities. Abd al-Karīm al-Jīlī (1366–1424) expanded on Al-‘Arabi’s work, using it to describe a holistic view of the universe which reflects “unity in diversity and diversity in unity” (al-wahdah fi’l-kathrah wa’l-kathrah fi’l-wahdah.
- The Old Javanesepoem Kakawin Sutasoma, written by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the Majapahit empire sometime in the 14th century, contains the phrase Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, translated as “unity in diversity” or “out of many, one”. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika is now the official national motto of Indonesia. The poem is notable as it promotes tolerance between Hindus (especially Shaivites) and Buddhists, stating that although Buddha and Shiva are different in substance, their truths are one.
- Unity in diversityis also a slogan utilized by the disciples of Swami Sivananda. They came to America to spread the true meaning of Unity in Diversity; that we are All in One & One in All in an all loving ahimsa God.
Adélard Godbout, while Premier of Quebec, published an article entitled “Canada: Unity in Diversity” (1943) in the Council on Foreign Relations journal.
|“||How does the dual relationship of the French Canadians make them an element of strength and order, and therefore of unity, in our joint civilization, which necessarily includes not only Canada and the British Commonwealth of Nations, but also the United States, the Latin republics of America and liberated France?||”|
- The phrase has since become somewhat of a staple of Canadian multiculturalism in general.
- The phrase was invoked in the Interdisciplinary Research Seminar (IRS) at Wilfrid Laurier University in the 1970s. Ervin Laszlo presented his paper entitled “Framework for a General Systems Theory of World Order” (1974) as one of the first seminar Papers that led to the establishment of the IRS in 1975.
- The motto of the province of Saskatchewan, adopted in 1986, is a variation, Multis e gentibus vires (from many peoples, strength).
- Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India and leader of the Indian National Congress, vigorously promoted unity in diversity as an ideal essential to national consolidation and progress. He wrote at length on this topic, exploring it in detail in his work The Discovery of India.
- The diversity of India is tremendous; it is obvious; it lies on the surface and anybody can see it. It concerns itself with physical appearances as well as with certain mental habits and traits. There is little in common, to outward seeming, between the Pathan of the North-West and the Tamil in the far South. Their racial stocks are not the same, though there may be common strands running through them… Yet, with all these differences, there is no mistaking the impress of India on the Pathan, as this is obvious on the Tamil. The Pathan and the Tamil are two extreme examples; the others lie somewhere in between. All of them have their distinctive features, all of them have still more the distinguishing mark of India.
- — The Variety and Unity of India, from The Discovery of India, 1946
- Though outwardly there was diversity and infinite variety among our people, everywhere there was that tremendous impress of oneness, which had held all of us together for ages past, whatever political fate or misfortune had befallen us.
- — The Search for India, from The Discovery of India, 1946.
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, an Old Javanese phrase translated as “Unity in Diversity” (Out of many, one), is the official national motto of Indonesia. It is a quotation from an Old Javanese poem Kakawin Sutasoma, written by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the Majapahitempire sometime in the 14th century.
The slogan Unity In Diversity meaning in malay is “perpaduan dalam kepelbagaian”.
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