Important Events of December – 19
Pratibha Patil Birth Day
She was Born on December 19, 1934.
- She is an Indian politician who served as the 12th President of India from 2007 to 2012. A member of the Indian National Congress, Patil is the only woman to hold the office. She previously served as the Governor of Rajasthan from 2004 to 2007.
- In 1962, at the age of 27, she was elected to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly for the Jalgaon constituency. Thereafter she won in the Muktainagar (formerly Edlabad) constituency on four consecutive occasions between 1967 and 1985, before becoming a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha between 1985 and 1990. In the 1991 elections for the 10th Lok Sabha, she was elected as a Member of Parliament representing the Amravati constituency.
- Patil’s term as the President of India saw various controversies. She commuted death sentences of 35 petitioners to life, a record. President’s Office, however, defended this by saying that President had granted clemency to the petitioners after due consideration and examining the advice of the Home Ministry.
- Patil was noted for having spent more money on foreign trips,and having taken a greater number of foreign trips,than any prior president. Sometimes accompanied by as many as 11 members of her family, there had been 12 foreign trips spanning 22 countries by May 2012, when she was away on her 13th trip.Those completed travels had cost Rs 205 crore.
First Indochina War
The French Indochina War, sometimes called the First Indochina War, lasted for nine years. The French Army carried out conventional war with conventional armaments against the Vietminh guerrilla. In many ways this period from 1946 to 1954 was a rehearsal for the American Vietnam War of the 1960s and 1970s, with the U.S. taking the role of the French, and repeating their errors, while Ho Chi Minh and his military commander Vo Nguyen Giap, played the same roles in both wars and were successful both times.
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