Important Events of December – 11
Bharathiyar Birth Anniversary
- Bharathiyar Born on December 11, 1882 in Ettayapuram, Tirunelveli
- Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati, also known as Bharathiyar was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and a social reformer from Tamil Nadu.
- Popularly known as “Mahakavi Bharathi”, he was a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry and is considered one of the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time.
- His numerous works included fiery songs kindling patriotism during the Indian Independence movement.
- Bharati had his early education in Tirunelveli and Varanasi and worked as a journalist with many newspapers, including The Hindu, Bala Bharata, Vijaya, Chakravarthini, the Swadesamitran and India.
- In 1908, an arrest warrant was issued against Bharati by the government of British India for his revolutionary writings, forcing him to flee to Pondicherry (city), where he lived until 1918.
- Bharati’s influence on Tamil literature is phenomenal.
- He was prolific in his output. He covered political, social and spiritual themes.
- The songs and poems composed by Bharati are very often used in Tamil cinema and have become staples in the literary and musical repertoire of Tamil artistes throughout the world. He paved the way for modern blank verse.
Viswanathan Anand Birth Anniversary
- Viswanathan “Vishy” Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster and a former World Chess Champion.
- Anand became India’s first grandmaster in 1988. He held the FIDE World Chess Championship from 2000 to 2002, thus becoming the first Asian to do so.
- He became the undisputed World Champion in 2007 and defended his title against Vladimir Kramnik in 2008.
- He then defended his title in the World Chess Championship 2010 against Veselin Topalov and in the World Chess Championship 2012 against Boris Gelfand.
- In the World Chess Championship 2013 he lost to challenger Magnus Carlsen and lost again to Carlsen in the World Chess Championship 2014.
- He won the World Rapid Chess Championship in 2003 and 2017.
- In April 2006 Anand became the fourth player in history to pass the 2800 Elo mark on the FIDE rating list, after Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik and Veselin Topalov.
- He occupied the number one position for 21 months, the 6th longest on record.
- Anand was also the first recipient of the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 1991–92, India’s highest sporting honour.
- In 2007, he was awarded India’s second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan, making him the first sportsperson to receive the award.