Administrative, Social And Judicial System After 1858 Study Materials
City Improvement Acts
The English suffered huge monetary losses during the mutiny of 1857. During that time the Royal Army Sanitary Commission made certain recommendations towards public health. It was not economically feasible to act on these recommendations by the central authority. So, decentralization became inevitable, and in this environment, the importance of local bodies, which would collect local taxes to meet the expenses of public services, grew. Therefore, the City Improvement Acts werepassed for Chennai, Punjab and other centrally administered provinces.
The Hunter Commission (1882)
William Hunter was appointed as the Chairman of a special committee on education by Lord Ripon in 1882. The various recommendations made by the Hunter Commission included increased control of local governing bodies its primary schools and educational institutions. It also stressed on uniformity in fees and conduct of the primary schools, middle schools and colleges. It also proposed special arrangements tor patronizing Muslim education in India. The Government accepted most of its recommendations, except the imparting of religious education.
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