UPSC ESE 2023 Syllabus PDF Download – Check IES Exam Prelims & Mains Pattern!!!

UPSC ESE 2023 Syllabus PDF Download - Check IES Exam Prelims & Mains Pattern
UPSC ESE 2023 Syllabus PDF Download - Check IES Exam Prelims & Mains Pattern

UPSC ESE Syllabus PDF Download: The Union Public Service Commission is all set to hold the Engineering Services Examination, 2023 soon. The Board will announce the Date of the Exam soon. The Candidates preparing for the Exam can Check IES Exam Prelims & Mains Pattern and Syllabus here.

UPSC IES Syllabus 2023

Board Name Union Public Service Commission
Post Name Engineering Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2023
Exam Date Will be Informed soon
Syllabus Available Now
Status Syllabus Available

UPSC Recruitment Notification – Graduates can Apply Online!!

UPSC ESE 2023 Selection Process:

The Candidates will be appointed based on the Engineering Services (Preliminary/Stage‐I), (Main/Stage‐II), and Personality Test conducted by the Board.

UPSC IES 2023 Exam Pattern:

  • The Engineering Services Preliminary/Stage‐I Exams will be an objective type (multiple choice) question papers with the 500 marks (Paper 1 – 200 Marks & Paper II – 300 Marks).
  • Note II:There will  be  Negative Marking for  wrong answers marked – one‐third (1/3rd) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as a penalty

Stage‐I (Preliminary/Stage‐I) Exam Pattern

Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐I Civil Engineering
Paper‐I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper‐II (Civil Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  500
Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐II Mechanical Engineering
Paper‐I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper‐II  (Mechanical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  500
Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐III Electrical Engineering
Paper‐I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper‐II  (Electrical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  500
Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐IV Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Paper‐I (General Studies and Engineering Aptitude) 2 hrs. 200
Paper‐II (Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  500
  • The  Main/stage‐II  Examination consists of  two  conventional  type  papers  in  Engineering  Discipline with the maximum marks of 600 (300 Marks in each paper).
  • The Stage‐III will consist of Personality Test carrying 200 Marks

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Stage‐II (Main/Stage‐II) Exam Pattern

Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐I Civil Engineering
Paper‐I ( Civil Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Paper‐II (Civil Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  600
Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐II Mechanical Engineering
Paper‐I ( Mechanical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Paper‐II (Mechanical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  600


Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐III Electrical Engineering
Paper‐I ( Electrical Engineering ) 3 hrs. 300
Paper‐II (Electrical Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  600


Subject  Duration Maximum Marks
Category‐IV Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Paper‐I ( Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Paper‐II (Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) 3 hrs. 300
Total  600

 UPSC ESE/IES 2023 Syllabus Topics:

General  Studies  and  Engineering  Aptitude  (Preliminary  Examination/Stage‐I,  Paper  I,  Objective  type,  Common  to  all  Candidates)

  1. Current  issues  of  national  and  international  importance  relating  to  social,  economic  and  industrial  development
  2. Engineering Aptitude covering Logical  reasoning and Analytical ability
  3. Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
  4. General Principles of Design,  Drawing, Importance  of  Safety
  5. Standards and Quality practices in production, construction,  maintenance  and  services
  6. Basics  of  Energy  and  Environment:  Conservation,  environmental  pollution  and  degradation,  Climate  Change,  Environmental  impact  assessment
  7. Basics of Project Management
  8. Basics of Material Science and Engineering
  9. Information and Communication Technologies  (ICT) based  tools and  their applications in Engineering  such as networking, e‐governance and technology based education.
  10. Ethics and values in engineering profession.

Note: The paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude will include Knowledge of relevant topics as may be expected from an engineering graduate, without special study. Questions from all the 10 topics mentioned above shall be set. Marks for each Topic may range from 5% to 15% of the total marks in the paper.

Civil Engineering Contents  for  syllabi  of  both  the  Papers  together  for  Preliminary  Examination/Stage‐I  (objective  type  Paper–II)  and separately for Main/Stage‐II  Examination (Conventional type Paper‐I and Paper – II).


  1. Building Materials:  

Stone, Lime, Glass, Plastics, Steel, FRP, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly Ash, Basic Admixtures, Timber,Bricks and Aggregates:  Classification, properties and selection criteria; Cement: Types, Composition, Properties, Uses, Specifications and various Tests; Lime & Cement Mortars and Concrete:  Properties and various Tests; Design of Concrete Mixes: Proportioning of aggregates and methods of mix design.

  1. Solid Mechanics:   Elastic constants, Stress, plane stress, Strains, plane strain, Mohr’s circle of stress and strain, Elastic  theories of  failure,  Principal Stresses, Bending, Shear and Torsion.
  2. Structural Analysis: Basics of strength of materials, Types of stresses and strains, Bending moments and shear force, concept of bending and  shear  stresses;  Analysis  of  determinate  and  indeterminate  structures;  Trusses,  beams,  plane  frames;  Rolling  loads,  Influence  Lines, Unit  load  method  &  other  methods;  Free  and  Forced  vibrations  of  single  degree  and  multi  degree  freedom system; Suspended Cables; Concepts and use of Computer Aided Design.
  3. Design of Steel Structures:Principles of Working Stress methods, Design of tension and compression members, Design of beams and beam column connections, builtup sections, Girders, Industrial roofs, Principles of Ultimate load design.
  4. Design of Concrete and Masonry structures:   Limit  state  design  for  bending,  shear,  axial  compression  and  combined  forces;  Design  of  beams,  Slabs,  Lintels,  Foundations,  Retaining  walls,  Tanks,  Staircases;  Principles  of  pre‐stressed  concrete  design  including  materials  and  methods; Earthquake resistant design of structures; Design of Masonry Structure.
  5. Construction Practice, Planning and Management:   Construction  ‐  Planning,  Equipment,  Site  investigation  and  Management  including  Estimation  with  latest  project  management  tools  and  network  analysis  for  different  Types  of  works;  Analysis  of  Rates  of  various  types  of  works;  Tendering  Process  and  Contract  Management,  Quality  Control,  Productivity,  Operation  Cost;  Land  acquisition;  Labour  safety and welfare.  PAP


  1. Flow of Fluids, Hydraulic Machines and Hydro Power:  

(a) Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow, Pipe Flow:  Fluid properties; Dimensional Analysis and Modeling; Fluid dynamics including flow kinematics and measurements; Flow  net;  Viscosity,  Boundary  layer  and  control,  Drag,  Lift,  Principles  in  open  channel  flow,  Flow  controls.  Hydraulic jump;  Surges; Pipe networks.

(b) Hydraulic Machines and Hydro power ‐   Various  pumps,  Air  vessels,  Hydraulic  turbines  –  types,  classifications  &  performance  parameters;  Power  house  –classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply.

  1. Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering: Hydrological  cycle, Ground water  hydrology, Well  hydrology and related  data analysis; Streams and  their gauging; River morphology; Flood, drought and their management; Capacity of Reservoirs.  Water  Resources  Engineering  :  Multipurpose  uses  of  Water,  River  basins  and  their  potential;  Irrigation  systems,  water  demand assessment; Resources ‐ storages and their yields; Water logging, canal and drainage design, Gravity dams, falls, weirs, Energy dissipaters, barrage Distribution works, Cross drainage works and head‐works and their design; Concepts in  canal design, construction & maintenance; River training, measurement and analysis of rainfall.
  2. Environmental Engineering:  

(a)Water Supply Engineering:  Sources, Estimation, quality standards and testing of water and their treatment; Rural, Institutional and industrial water supply; Physical, chemical   and biological characteristics and sources of water, Pollutants in water and its  effects, Estimation of water demand; Drinking water Standards, Water Treatment Plants, Water distribution networks.

(b) Waste Water Engineering:Planning & design of domestic waste water, sewage collection and disposal; Plumbing Systems. Components and lay out  of  sewerage  system;  Planning  &  design  of  Domestic  Waste‐water  disposal  system;  Sludge  management  including  treatment,  disposal  and  re‐use  of  treated effluents;  Industrial  waste  waters  and  Effluent  Treatment  Plants  including  institutional and industrial sewage management.

(c) Solid Waste Management:   Sources  &  classification  of  solid  wastes  along  with  planning  &  design  of  its  management  system;  Disposal  system,  Beneficial aspects of wastes and Utilization by Civil Engineers.

(d) Air, Noise pollution and Ecology:   Concepts & general methodology.

  1. Geo‐technical Engineering and Foundation Engineering:  

(a)Geo‐technical Engineering: Soil exploration ‐ planning & methods, Properties of soil, classification, various tests and inter‐ relationships; Permeability & Seepage, Compressibility, consolidation and Shearing resistance, Earth pressure theories and  stress distribution in soil; Properties and uses of geo‐synthetics.

(b)  Foundation  Engineering:  Types  of  foundations  &  selection  criteria, bearing  capacity,  settlement  analysis,  design  and  testing  of  shallow  &  deep  foundations;  Slope  stability  analysis,  Earthen  embankments,  Dams  and  Earth  retaining structures: types, analysis and design, Principles of ground modifications. 

5. Surveying and Geology:

(a) Surveying:  Classification  of  surveys,  various  methodologies, instruments  &  analysis  of  measurement  of  distances,  elevation  and  directions;  Field  astronomy,  Global  Positioning  System;  Map  preparation;  Photogrammetry;  Remote  sensing  concepts;  Survey  Layout  for  culverts,  canals,  bridges, road/railway  alignment  and  buildings,  Setting  out  of  Curves.

 (b) Geology: Basic knowledge of Engineering geology & its application in projects.   6. Transportation Engineering:   Highways ‐ Planning & construction methodology, Alignment and geometric design; Traffic Surveys and Controls; Principles of Flexible and Rigid pavements design.  Tunneling ‐Alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation.  Railways Systems – Terminology, Planning, designs and maintenance practices; track modernization.  Harbours – Terminology, layouts and planning.   Airports – Layout, planning & design

Mechanical Engineering Contents  for  syllabi  of  both  the  Papers  together  for  Preliminary  Examination/  Stage‐I  (objective  type  Paper–II)  and separately for Main/ Stage‐II  Examination (Conventional type Paper‐I and Paper – II).


  1. Fluid Mechanics:

Basic Concepts and  Properties  of Fluids, Manometry, Fluid Statics, Buoyancy, Equations  of Motion,  Bernoulli’s equation and applications, Viscous flow of incompressible fluids, Laminar and Turbulent flows, Flow through pipes and head losses in pipes.

  1. Thermodynamics and Heat transfer: Thermodynamic  systems  and  processes;  properties  of  pure  substance;  Zeroth,  First  and  Second  Laws  of  Thermodynamics;  Entropy, Irreversibility and availability; analysis of  thermodynamic cycles  related  to energy conversion: Rankine, Otto, Diesel and Dual Cycles; ideal and real gases; compressibility factor; Gas mixtures.   Modes  of  heat  transfer,  Steady  and  unsteady  heat  conduction,  Thermal  resistance,  Fins,  Free  and  forced  convection,  Correlations  for  convective  heat  transfer,  Radiative  heat  transfer  –  Radiation  heat  transfer  co‐efficient;  boiling  and  condensation, Heat exchanger performance analysis.
  2. IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air conditioning:

SI and CI Engines, Engine Systems and Components, Performance characteristics and testing of IC Engines; Fuels; Emissions and Emission Control. Vapour compression refrigeration, Refrigerants and Working cycles, Compressors, Condensers, Evaporators and Expansion  devices, Other  types  of  refrigeration  systems like Vapour Absorption,  Vapour jet,  thermo electric and Vortex  tube  refrigeration.  Psychometric  properties  and  processes,  Comfort  chart,  Comfort  and  industrial  air  conditioning,  Load  calculations and Heat pumps.

4. Turbo Machinery: Reciprocating  and  Rotary  pumps,  Pelton  wheel,  Kaplan  and  Francis  Turbines,  velocity  diagrams,  Impulse  and  Reaction  principles,  Steam  and  Gas  Turbines,  Theory  of  Jet  Propulsion  –  Pulse  jet  and  Ram  Jet  Engines,  Reciprocating  and  Rotary  Compressors – Theory and Applications

5. Power Plant Engineering: Rankine and Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat, Fuels and their properties, Flue gas analysis, Boilers, steam turbines  and other power plant components like condensers, air ejectors, electrostatic precipitators and cooling towers – their theory  and design, types and applications;

6. Renewable Sources of Energy: Solar  Radiation,  Solar  Thermal  Energy  collection  ‐  Flat  Plate  and  focusing  collectors  their  materials  and  performance.  Solar  Thermal Energy Storage, Applications – heating, cooling and Power Generation; Solar Photovoltaic Conversion; Harnessing of  Wind Energy, Bio‐mass and Tidal Energy – Methods and Applications, Working principles of Fuel Cells.


  1. Engineering Mechanics: Analysis of System of Forces, Friction, Centroid and Centre of Gravity, Dynamics; Stresses and Strains‐Compound Stresses and  Strains, Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams, Theory of Bending Stresses‐ Slope and deflection‐Torsion, Thin and thick  Cylinders, Spheres.
  2. Engineering Materials: Basic Crystallography, Alloys and Phase diagrams, Heat Treatment, Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals, Nonmetallic materials,  Basics of Nano‐materials, Mechanical Properties and Testing, Corrosion prevention and control
  3. Mechanisms and Machines: Types  of  Kinematics  Pair, Mobility, Inversions,  Kinematic  Analysis, Velocity and Acceleration  Analysis of  Planar Mechanisms,  CAMs with uniform acceleration and retardation, cycloidal motion, oscillating followers; Vibrations –Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped SDOF systems, Transmissibility Ratio, Vibration Isolation, Critical Speed of Shafts. Gears – Geometry  of tooth profiles, Law of gearing, Involute profile, Interference, Helical, Spiral and Worm Gears, Gear Trains‐ Simple, compound  and  Epicyclic;  Dynamic  Analysis  –  Slider  –  crank  mechanisms,  turning  moment  computations,  balancing  of  Revolving  &  Reciprocating masses, Gyroscopes –Effect of Gyroscopic couple on automobiles, ships and aircrafts, Governors.
  4. Design of Machine Elements: Design  for  static  and  dynamic  loading;  failure  theories;  fatigue  strength  and  the  S‐N  diagram;  principles  of  the design  of  machine elements such as riveted, welded and bolted joints. Shafts, Spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, Brakes and clutches, flywheels.
  5. Manufacturing ,Industrial and Maintenance Engineering: Metal casting‐Metal forming, Metal Joining, Machining and machine tool operations, Limits, fits and tolerances, Metrology and  inspection,  computer  Integrated  manufacturing,  FMS,  Production  planning  and  Control,  Inventory  control  and  operations  research  ‐  CPM‐PERT.  Failure  concepts  and  characteristics‐Reliability,  Failure  analysis,  Machine  Vibration,  Data  acquisition,  Fault  Detection,  Vibration  Monitoring,  Field  Balancing  of  Rotors,  Noise  Monitoring,  Wear and  Debris  Analysis,  Signature  Analysis, NDT Techniques in Condition Monitoring.
  6. Mechatronics and Robotics: Microprocessors and Microcontrollers: Architecture, programming, I/O, Computer interfacing, Programmable logic controller.  Sensors and actuators, Piezoelectric accelerometer, Hall effect sensor, Optical Encoder, Resolver, Inductosyn, Pneumatic and  Hydraulic  actuators,  stepper  motor,  Control  Systems‐  Mathematical  modeling  of  Physical  systems,  control  signals,  controllability and observability.  Robotics, Robot Classification,  Robot  Specification,  notation; Direct and Inverse  Kinematics;  Homogeneous Coordinates and Arm Equation of four Axis SCARA Robot Electrical Engineering

Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Preliminary/Stage‐I Examination (objective type Paper–II) and

Separately for Main/Stage‐II Examination (Conventional type Paper‐I and Paper – II)


  1. Engineering Mathematics Matrix  theory,  Eigen  values  &  Eigen  vectors,  system  of  linear  equations,  Numerical  methods for  solution  of  non‐linear  algebraic equations and differential equations, integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Line, Surface and  Volume Integrals. Fourier series, linear, non‐linear and partial differential equations, initial and boundary value problems,  complex  variables,  Taylor’s  and  Laurent’s  series,  residue  theorem,  probability  and  statistics fundamentals,  Sampling  theorem, random variables, Normal and Poisson distributions, correlation and regression analysis.
  2. Electrical Materials Electrical Engineering Materials, crystal structures and defects, ceramic materials, insulating materials, magnetic materials  –  basics,  properties  and  applications;  ferrities,  ferro‐magnetic  materials  and  components;  basics  of  solid  state physics,  conductors; Photo‐conductivity; Basics of Nano materials and Superconductors.
  3. Electric Circuits and Fields Circuit  elements,  network  graph,  KCL,  KVL,  Node  and  Mesh  analysis,  ideal  current  and  voltage  sources,  Thevenin’s,  Norton’s, Superposition and Maximum  Power Transfer  theorems,  transient  response of DC and AC  networks, Sinusoidal  steady  state analysis, basic  filter concepts,  two‐port networks,  three phase circuits, Magnetically coupled circuits, Gauss  Theorem,  electric  field  and  potential  due  to  point,  line,  plane  and  spherical  charge  distributions,  Ampere’s and  Biot‐ Savart’s laws; inductance, dielectrics, capacitance; Maxwell’s equations
  4.  Electrical and Electronic Measurements: Principles  of  measurement,  accuracy,  precision  and  standards;  Bridges  and  potentiometers;  moving  coil,  moving  iron,  dynamometer  and  induction  type  instruments,  measurement  of  voltage,  current,  power,  energy  and  power  factor,  instrument  transformers,  digital  voltmeters  and  multi‐meters,  phase,  time  and  frequency  measurement,  Q‐meters,  oscilloscopes, potentiometric recorders, error analysis, Basics of sensors, Transducers, basics of data acquisition systems
  5. Computer Fundamentals: Number  systems,  Boolean  algebra,  arithmetic  functions,  Basic  Architecture,  Central  Processing  Unit,  I/O  and  Memory  Organisation; peripheral devices, data represenation and programming, basics of Operating system and networking, virtual  memory, file systems; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.
  6. Basic Electronics Engineering: Basics  of  Semiconductor  diodes  and  transistors  and  characteristics,  Junction  and  field  effect  transistors  (BJT,  FET  and  MOSFETS),  different  types  of  transistor  amplifiers,  equivalent  circuits  and  frequency  response;  oscillators  and  other  circuits, feedback amplifiers.


  1. Analog and Digital Electronics: Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, combinational and sequential logic circuits, multiplexers, multi‐vibrators, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, basics of filter circuits and applications, simple active filters;  Microprocessor  basics‐  interfaces  and  applications,  basics  of  linear  integrated  circuits;  Analog  communication  basics,  Modulation  and  de‐modulation,  noise  and  bandwidth,  transmitters  and  receivers,  signal  to  noise  ratio,  digital  communication  basics,  sampling,  quantizing,  coding,  frequency  and  time  domain  multiplexing,  power  line  carrier  communication systems.
  2. Systems and Signal Processing :Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals,  shifting and  scaling operations, linear,  time‐invariant and causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, sampling theorem, Fourier and Laplace transforms, Z  transforms,  Discrete  Fourier  transform,  FFT,  linear  convolution,  discrete  cosine  transform,  FIR  filter,  IIR  filter,  bilinear  transformation.
  3. Control Systems: Principles of feedback, transfer function, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, steady‐state errors, transforms and their  applications;  Routh‐hurwitz  criterion,  Nyquist  techniques,  Bode  plots,  root  loci,  lag,  lead  and  lead‐lag compensation,  stability analysis, transient and frequency response analysis, state space model, state transition matrix, controllability and observability, linear state variable feedback, PID and industrial controllers.
  4. Electrical Machines : Single  phase  transformers,  three  phase  transformers  ‐  connections,  parallel  operation,  auto‐transformer,  energy  conversion  principles,  DC  machines  ‐  types,  windings,  generator  characteristics,  armature  reaction  and  commutation,  starting and speed control of motors, Induction motors ‐principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed  control, Synchronous machines ‐ performance, regulation, parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics  and applications, servo and stepper motors.
  5. Power Systems :   Basic  power  generation  concepts,  steam,  gas  and  water  turbines,  transmission  line  models  and  performance,  cable performance, insulation, corona and radio interference, power factor correction, symmetrical components, fault analysis,  principles of protection systems, basics of solid state relays and digital protection; Circuit breakers, Radial and ring‐main  distribution systems, Matrix representation of power systems, load flow analysis, voltage control and economic operation,  System  stability  concepts,  Swing  curves  and  equal  area  criterion.  HVDC transmission  and  FACTS  concepts,  Concepts  of  power system dynamics, distributed generation, solar and wind power, smart grid concepts, environmental implications,  fundamentals of power economics.
  6. Power Electronics and Drives : Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs ‐ static characteristics and principles  of operation, triggering circuits, phase control rectifiers, bridge converters ‐ fully controlled and half controlled, principles  of choppers and inverters, basis concepts of adjustable speed DC and AC drives, DC‐DC switched mode converters, DC‐AC switched mode converters, resonant converters, high frequency inductors and transformers, power supplies.

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Contents  for  syllabi  of  both  the  Papers  together  for  Preliminary/Stage‐I  Examination  (objective  type  Paper–II)  and  separately for Main/Stage‐II  Examination (Conventional type Paper‐I and Paper – II).


  1. Basic Electronics Engineering: Basics of  semiconductors; Diode/Transistor basics and characteristics; Diodes  for different uses;  Junction & Field Effect  Transistors  (BJTs,  JFETs,  MOSFETs);  Transistor  amplifiers  of  different  types,  oscillators  and  other  circuits;  Basics  of  Integrated Circuits  (ICs); Bipolar, MOS and CMOS ICs; Basics of linear ICs, operational amplifiers and their applications‐ linear/non‐linear; Optical sources/detectors; Basics of Opto electronics and its applications.
  2. Basic Electrical Engineering:   DC  circuits‐Ohm’s &  Kirchoff’s  laws, mesh  and  nodal  analysis,  circuit  theorems;  Electro‐magnetism,  Faraday’s &  Lenz’s  laws,  induced  EMF  and  its  uses;  Single‐phase  AC  circuits;  Transformers,  efficiency;  Basics‐DC  machines,  induction  machines,  and  synchronous  machines;  Electrical  power  sources‐  basics:  hydroelectric,  thermal,  nuclear,  wind,  solar;  Basics of batteries and their uses.
  3. Materials Science: Electrical  Engineering  materials;  Crystal  structure  &  defects;  Ceramic  materials‐structures,  composites,  processing  and  uses;  Insulating  laminates  for  electronics,  structures,  properties  and  uses;  Magnetic  materials,  basics,  classification,  ferrites, ferro/para‐magnetic materials and components; Nano materials‐basics, preparation, purification, sintering, nano  particles and uses; Nano‐optical/magnetic/electronic materials and uses; Superconductivity, uses.
  4. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation: Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision and standards; Analog and Digital systems for measurement, measuring  instruments for different applications; Static/dynamic characteristics of measurement systems, errors, statistical analysis  and curve fitting; Measurement systems for non‐electrical quantities; Basics of telemetry; Different types of transducers  and displays; Data acquisition system basics.
  5. Network Theory: Network graphs & matrices; Wye‐Delta  transformation; Linear constant coefficient  differential equations‐  time  domain  analysis of RLC circuits;  Solution  of  network  equations  using  Laplace  transforms‐  frequency  domain  analysis  of  RLC  circuits;  2‐port  network parameters‐driving point & transfer functions; State equations for networks; Steady state sinusoidal analysis.  6. Analog and Digital Circuits:   Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTS and FETs; Diode circuits for different uses; Biasing & stability of BJT & JFET  amplifier circuits; Analysis/design of amplifier‐ single/multi‐stage; Feedback& uses; Active filters, timers, multipliers, wave  shaping, A/D‐D/A  converters; Boolean Algebra& uses;  Logic gates, Digital IC  families,  Combinatorial/sequential circuits;  Basics of multiplexers, counters/registers/ memories /microprocessors, design& applications.


  1. Analog and Digital Communication Systems:  Random  signals,  noise,  probability  theory,  information  theory;  Analog  versus  digital  communication  &  applications:  Systems‐  AM,  FM,  transmitters/receivers,  theory/practice/  standards,  SNR  comparison;  Digital  communication  basics:  Sampling,  quantizing,  coding,  PCM, DPCM, multiplexing‐audio/video; Digital modulation: ASK, FSK,  PSK; Multiple access:  TDMA, FDMA, CDMA; Optical communication: fibre optics, theory, practice/standards.
  2. Control Systems: Classification  of  signals  and  systems;  Application  of  signal  and  system  theory;  System  realization;  Transforms&  their  applications; Signal flow graphs, Routh‐Hurwitz criteria, root loci, Nyquist/Bode plots; Feedback systems‐open &close loop  types, stability analysis, steady state, transient and frequency response analysis; Design of control systems, compensators,  elements of lead/lag compensation, PID and industrial controllers.
  3. Computer Organization and Architecture:  Basic  architecture,  CPU,  I/O  organisation,  memory  organisation,  peripheral  devices,  trends;  Hardware  /software  issues;  Data  representation&  Programming;  Operating  systems‐basics,  processes,  characteristics,  applications;  Memory  management, virtual memory, file systems, protection & security; Data bases, different types, characteristics and design;  Transactions and concurrency control; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.
  4. Electro Magnetics: Elements  of  vector  calculus,  Maxwell’s  equations‐basic  concepts;  Gauss’,  Stokes’  theorems; Wave  propagation  through  26  different  media;  Transmission  Lines‐different  types,  basics,  Smith’s  chart,  impedance matching/transformation,  S‐ parameters, pulse excitation, uses; Waveguides‐basics, rectangular types, modes, cut‐off frequency, dispersion, dielectric  types; Antennas‐radiation pattern, monopoles/dipoles, gain, arrays‐active/passive, theory, uses.
  5. Advanced Electronics Topics: VLSI technology: Processing, lithography, interconnects, packaging, testing; VLSI design: Principles, MUX/ROM/PLA‐based  design, Moore & Mealy circuit design; Pipeline concepts & functions; Design for testability, examples; DSP: Discrete time  signals/systems, uses; Digital  filters: FIR/IIR  types, design, speech/audio/radar  signal processing uses; Microprocessors &  microcontrollers, basics, interrupts, DMA, instruction sets, interfacing; Controllers & uses; Embedded systems.
  6. Advanced Communication Topics: Communication  networks:  Principles  /practices  /technologies  /uses  /OSI  model/security;  Basic  packet  multiplexed  streams/scheduling;  Cellular  networks,  types,  analysis,  protocols  (TCP/TCPIP);  Microwave  &  satellite  communication:  Terrestrial/space  type  LOS  systems,  block  schematics  link  calculations,  system  design;  Communication satellites,  orbits,  characteristics, systems, uses; Fibre‐optic communication systems, block schematics, link calculations, system design.

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