UPSC Civil Services Prelims & Mains Exam Pattern


UPSC Civil service Prelims & Mains Exam Pattern 

Here the Exam Pattern for UPSC Civil service Prelims & Mains Exam is Given. Exam pattern is most important and helpful for preparing for written exam. With help of these Exam pattern candidates can have idea about which type of question is going to ask in exam. So, that applicant can get more marks in exam. Here is the Exam pattern of UPSC Civil service Prelims & Mains Examination.

The competitive examination comprises two successive stages :

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for Main Examination.

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.

UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination

  • UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks.
  • There will be negative marking for incorrect answers for all questions except some of the questions where the negative marking will be inbuilt in the form of different marks being awarded to the most appropriate and not so appropriate answer for such questions.
  • For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.
    (ii) If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happen to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that question.
    (iii) If a question is left blank i.e. no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty for that question.
Subject Duration Marks
Paper I -Current events of national and international importance. History of India and Indian National Movement. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World. Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc. Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization. General Science 2 Hours  200 marks
 Paper II   Comprehension; Interpersonal skills including communication skills; Logical reasoning and analytical ability; Decision making and problem solving; General mental ability; Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. Class x Level 2 Hours  200 marks

Note: Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview)

  • The Main Examination will consist of written examination and an interview test. The written examination will consist of 9 papers of conventional essay type in the subjects.
  • The interview will carry 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).

The written examination will consist of the following papers :—

  • Qualifying Papers :
Paper-A (One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution). 300 Marks
Paper-B English 300 Marks
  • Papers to be counted for merit
Paper-I Essay 250 Marks
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250 Marks
Paper-III General Studies -II  (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250 Marks
Paper-IV General Studies -III  (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250 Marks
Paper-V General Studies -IV  (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) 250 Marks
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250 Marks
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 Marks
Sub Total (Written test)  1750 Marks
Personality Test  275 Marks
Grand Total  2025 Marks


        (i) The question papers for the examination will be of

conventional (essay) type.


Each paper 

        will be of

three hours duration.

  • List of optional subjects for Main Examination :
    (i) Agriculture
    (ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
    (iii) Anthropology
    (iv) Botany
    (v) Chemistry
    (vi) Civil Engineering
    (vii) Commerce and Accountancy
    (viii) Economics
    (ix) Electrical Engineering
    (x) Geography
    (xi) Geology
    (xii) History
    (xiii) Law
    (xiv) Management
    (xv) Mathematics
    (xvi) Mechanical Engineering
    (xvii) Medical Science
    (xviii) Philosophy
    (xix) Physics
    (xx) Political Science and International Relations
    (xxi) Psychology
    (xxii) Public Administration
    (xxiii) Sociology
    (xxiv) Statistics
    (xxv) Zoology
    (xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages:
    Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

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