List of UPSC chairman in India
- The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is India’s central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. The agency’s charter is granted by Part XIV of the Constitution of India, titled as Services Under the Union and the States. The commission is headquartered at Dholpur House, in New Delhi and functions through its own secretariat.Vinay Mittal is its current Chairman of UPSC. Established on 1 October 1926 as Public Service Commission, it was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act, 1935; only to be renamed as today’s Union Public Service Commission after the independence.
- The UPSC is a central agency that has great responsibility for conducting examinations pertaining to Civil Services, Engineering Services, Defence Services, and Medical Services. It also conducts Economic Service, Statistical Service, and Police Forces examination.
- The Union Public Service Commission of India was formed by the British Government during the British rule. In 1924, Lee Commission had suggested in its report for the establishment of an independent and impartial Public Service Commission for India and on the basis of such recommendation, the Union Public Service Commission was established in 1926.
- Consequently by the government of India Act 1935, Public Service Commission was established separately for both the central and the state government services. After independence, arrangements were made to establish an independent and neutral Union Public Service Commission for the said purpose following the pattern adopted in the Government of India Act 1935.
- Article 315 to 323 of Indian Constitution has a provision for such an agency.
- According to Act 315 of the constitution of India, there shall be a permanent Union Public Service Commission for appointment to the various posts of the central government services.
- Similarly, as Act 318 of the constitution of India also stated that the Union Public Service Commission will be constituted with a chairman and a fixed number of members; the number of such members and the terms and conditions of their service is to be determined by the President of India. The President, as such, appoints the Chairman and other members of the commission for a period of six years.
Independence of UPSC
The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the UPSC:
- The chairman or a member of the UPSC can be removed from office by the President only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Thus, they enjoy security of tenure.
- The conditions of service of the chairman or a member, though determined by the President, cannot be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment.
- The entire expenses including the salaries, allowances, and pensions of the Chairman and members of the UPSC are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India and are not subject to the vote of Parliament.
- The chairman of the UPSC on ceasing to hold office is not eligible for further employment in the Government of India or any state.
- A member of the UPSC is eligible for appointment as the Chairman of UPSC or a State Public Service Commission but not for any other employment in the Government of India or any state
- The chairman or a member of UPSC is not eligible for reappointment to that office for a second term.
|1||Sir Ross Barker||1926-1932|
|2||Sir David Petrie||1932-1936|
|3||Sir Eyre Gorden||1937-1942|
|4||Sir F. W. Robertson||1942-1947|
|5||H. K. Kripalani||1947-1949|
|6||R. N. Banerjee||1949-1955|
|8||V. S. Hejmadi||1955-1961|
|9||B. N. Jha||1961-1967|
|10||K. R. Damle||1967-1971|
|12||A. R. Kidwai||1973-1979|
|13||M. L. Shahare||1979-1985|
|14||H. K. L. Capoor||1985-1990|
|15||J. P. Gupta||1990-1992|
|16||R. M. Bathew (Kharbuli)||1992-1996|
|17||S. J. S. Chhatwal||1996|
|18||J. M. Qureshi||1996-1998|
|19||Lt. Gen. Surinder Nath||1998-2002|
|20||P. C. Hota||2002-2003|
|22||S. R. Hashim||2005-2006|
|23||D. P. Agrawal||2008-2014|
|27||David R. Syiemlieh||2017-2018|
|29||Arvind Saxena||2018-Till now|
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