Supreme Court of India

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Supreme Court of India

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  • The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
  • It started functioning on Jan 28,1950.Its predecessor was the Federal court of India, which was created as per the Government of India Act 1935.
  • Part V (Articles 124-147)of the Constitution deals with the Organisation, Jurisdiction and Powers of the Supreme Court.
  • Originally,the Strength of supreme court was 1 Chief Justice & 7 other Judges.
  • At Present,1 Chief Justice of India and 30 sanctioned other judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.

Qualification for the Judge of Supreme Court:

  • Should be a Citizen of India.
  • Should have been a judge of high court for 5 years or an advocate of high court for 10 years.
  • Should be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of President.

Appointment:

  • The Chief Justice of India & judges of Supreme court are appointed by President.

Tenure:

  • Supreme court judges retire at the age of 65.
  • He can resign his office by writing to the President.
  • He can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of Parliament.

Salary:

  • chief justice of supreme court : Rs. 2,80,000
  • Supreme Court                      : Rs. 2,50,000

ArticleDetails
Article 124Establishment and Constitution of Supreme Court
Article 125Salaries of Judges.
Article 126Appointment of acting Chief Justice.
Article 127 Appointment of ad hoc judges.
Article 128Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court.
Article 129Supreme Court to be a court of record.
Article 130Seat of Supreme Court.
Article 131Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Article 132Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases.
Article 133Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to civil matters.
Article 134Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters.
Article 134 ACertificate for appeal to the Supreme Court.
Article 135Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.
Article 136Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court .
Article 137Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court.
Article 138Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Article 139Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs.
Article 139 ATransfer of certain cases.
Article 140Ancillary powers of Supreme Court.
Article 141Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.
Article 142Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.
Article 143Power of President to consult Supreme Court.
Article 144Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court .
Article 144 ASpecial provisions as to disposal of questions relating to constitutional validity of laws (Repealed).
Article 145Rules of court.
Article 146Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.
Article 147Interpretation.

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