Statement and Conclusions – Study Materials

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Statement and Conclusions – Study Materials

In this type of questions, a statement is given followed by two conclusions. We have to find out which of these conclusions definitely follows from the given statement.

What is a ‘conclusion’?

‘Conclusion’ means a fact that can be truly inferred from the contents of a given sentence.

Statement and Conclusions – Study Materials PDF Download

DIRECTIONS (for Examples 1 to 3): In each of the following questions, a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Give answer:

(a) if only conclusion I follows;

(b) if only conclusion II follows;

(c) if either I or II follows;

(d) if neither I nor II follows;

EXAMPLE 1.

Statement: The oceans are a storehouse of practically every mineral including uranium. But like most other minerals, it is found in extremely low concentration –about three gms per 1000 tonnes of water.

Conclusions:

I. The oceans are a cheap source of uranium.

II. The oceans harbour radiation hazards.

Sol.  (d) I can not be concluded as most of the minerals are available in similar concentration levels in oceans. II is out of context of the  statement.

EXAMPLE 2.

Statement: Today, out of the world population of several thousand million, the majority of men have to live under government which refuse them personal liberty and the right to dissent.

Conclusions:

I. People are indifferent to personal liberty and the right to dissent.

II. People desire personal liberty and the right to dissent.

Sol.  (b) It is mentioned in the statement that most   people are forced to live under Governments which refuse them personal liberty and right to dissent. This means that they are not   indifferent to these rights but have a desire for them. So, only II follows.

 Exercise Questions, Answers and Explanation PDF Download

EXAMPLE 3.

Statement: It has been decided by the Government to withdraw 33% of the subsidy on cooking gas from the beginning of next month—A spokesman of the Government.

Conclusions:

I. People no more desire or need such subsidy from government as they can afford increased price of the cooking gas.

II. The price of the cooking gas will increase at least by 33% from the next month.

Sol. (d) I does not follow because a govt’s Policy is  not determined merely by people’s needs.

II  does not follow. Let the present price be x

∴ price if subsidy is removed = 1.49 x

 Hence increase in price will be around 49%

 Exercise Questions, Answers and Explanation PDF Download

DIRECTIONS (for Examples 4 to 5): In each of the following questions, a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Give answer:

(a) if only conclusion I follows;

(b) if only conclusion II follows;

(c) if either I or II follows;

(d) if both I and II follow.

EXAMPLE 4.

Statement: Interest rate will be fixed on the basis of our bank’s rate prevailing on the date of deposit and refixed every quarter thereafter.

Conclusions:

I. It is left to the depositors to guard their interest.

II. The bank’s interest rates are subject to change on a day-to-day depending on market position.

Sol.      (b) I does not follow because the statement is  silent about the depositors. II follows from the phrase “bank’s rate prevailing on the date of   deposit” which means the rates are subject to day- to-day changes,

EXAMPLE 5.

Statement: The government of country X has recently announced several concessions and offered attractive package tours for foreign visitors.

Conclusions:

I Now, more number of foreign tourists will visit the country.

II. The government of country X seems to be serious in attracting tourists.

Sol.      (d) Clearly, the government has taken the step to attract more tourists. So, both I and II follow.

 Exercise Questions, Answers and Explanation PDF Download

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