This can be declared under Article 356, if the government collapses in a state and is seen as a ‘failure of constitutional machinery’ in that particular state. It is also known as ‘President’s Rule’ and almost every state in the country has gone through this procedure. It can be invoked for a period of six months and can last only for three years with parliamentary consent required every six months. The Governor usually administers the services in the name of the President.
President’s Rule was imposed on twelve provinces of the country in the last two decades.Chhattisgarh and Telangana are the only states where President’s rule hasn’t been imposed so far. But Telangana fell under the ambit of Article 356 when it was part of state of Andhra Pradesh, following the resignation of Chief Minister of United Andhra Pradesh.
It Was Implemented Four times in Tamil Nadu.
Date of imposition
Date of revocation
31 January 1976
30 June 1977
1 year, 150 days
Government dismissed in spite of Karunanidhi enjoying majority support in Assembly
17 February 1980
6 June 1980
Government dismissed in spite of M G Ramachandran enjoying majority support in Assembly
30 January 1988
27 January 1989
Government dismissed after controversial confidence vote secured in the Assembly by CM Janaki Ramachandran
30 January 1991
24 June 1991
Government headed by M. Karunanidhi dismissed by Prime Minister Chandrashekhar on charges of supporting anti-national activities, in spite of the then Governor Barnala's report and enjoying majority support in the Assembly.