State Emergency – Article 356

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State Emergency – Article 356

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  • This can be declared under Article 356, if the government collapses in a state and is seen as a ‘failure of constitutional machinery’ in that particular state. It is also known as ‘President’s Rule’ and almost every state in the country has gone through this procedure. It can be invoked for a period of six months and can last only for three years with parliamentary consent required every six months. The Governor usually administers the services in the name of the President.
  • President’s Rule was imposed on twelve provinces of the country in the last two decades.Chhattisgarh and Telangana are the only states where President’s rule hasn’t been imposed so far. But Telangana fell under the ambit of Article 356 when it was part of state of Andhra Pradesh, following the resignation of Chief Minister of United Andhra Pradesh.
  • It Was Implemented Four times in Tamil Nadu.
StateDate of impositionDate of revocationDurationNotes
Tamil Nadu 31 January 197630 June 19771 year, 150 daysGovernment dismissed in spite of Karunanidhi enjoying majority support in Assembly
Tamil Nadu 17 February 19806 June 1980110 daysGovernment dismissed in spite of M G Ramachandran enjoying majority support in Assembly
Tamil Nadu 30 January 198827 January 1989363 daysGovernment dismissed after controversial confidence vote secured in the Assembly by CM Janaki Ramachandran
Tamil Nadu 30 January 199124 June 1991145 daysGovernment headed by M. Karunanidhi dismissed by Prime Minister Chandrashekhar on charges of supporting anti-national activities, in spite of the then Governor Barnala's report and enjoying majority support in the Assembly.

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