Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency diseases

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Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency Diseases 

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By definition, a nutrient is any substance that is absorbed and either provides you with energy or enables growth, repair or proper functioning of your body.There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.

It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health. Deficiencies, excesses and imbalances in diet can produce negative impacts on health, which may lead to diseases.This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the Competetive Examination.

                           List of Nutrient Sources and their Deficiency diseases 

NutrientsConstituentDeficiency DiseasesSources
Vitamin A Retinol, Retinoic Acid, Beta-CaroteneNight-blindness,Healing epithelial cells,Normal development of teeth and bonesCarrots, Papaya, Milk, Cheese, Fish Liver Oil, Green Vegetables etc.
Vitamin B1ThiamineBeriberiBrewer’s Yeast, Whole Grain, Oatmeal, Legumes, Peanuts, Dried Soybean, Sunflower Seeds etc.
Vitamin B2RiboflavinAriboflavinosisBeef Liver, Lamb, Milk, Mushroom, Spinach, Almonds etc.
Vitamin B3Niacin or Nicotinic AcidPellagraTuna, Chicken, Turkey, Mushrooms , Bacon, Broccoli, Veal etc.
Vitamin B5Pantothenic AcidAcne, ParesthesiaChicken Liver, Sunflower Seeds, Salmon, Avocados, Corn, Broccoli, Mushroom etc.
Vitamin B6Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, PyridoxamineDandruff-like eruptions, Pink eye, EpilepsyPotatoes & other starchy vegetables, Fruit (other than citrus) etc.
Vitamin B7BiotinGrowth & Neurological Disorders in InfantsRaw Egg Yolk, Liver, Peanuts, Yeast, Whole-wheat Bread, Cheddar Cheese, Pork etc.
Vitamin B9Folic AcidMacrocytic Anaemia, Birth DefectsDark Leafy Greens like Spinach, Asparagus, Broccoli, Citrus Fruits, Beans, Peas, Lentils, Avocados etc
Vitamin B12Various CobalaminsMacrocytic Anaemia, Memory Loss, Pernicious Anaemia, Mania, Psychosis, ParalysisSeafood, Beef, Chicken, Eggs etc.
Vitamin CL-Ascorbic AcidScurvyAmla, Guava, Chillis, Kiwi, Broccoli, Orange, Papaya, Lemon, etc.
Vitamin DCalciferol (D2) & Cholecalciferol (D3)Rickets, Osteomalacia,Needed for absorption of calcium from small intestines,Calcification of the skeletonSunlight, Mushrooms, Alfalfa, Fish Liver Oils, Cooked Egg Yolk, etc.
Vitamin ETochopherols & TocotrienolsRed Blood Cell Destruction, Ataxia, Retinopathy, Peripheral Neuropathy, Reproductive FailureWheat Germ Oil, Canola Oil, Sunflower Oil, Almond Oil, Hazelnuts, Peanuts etc.
Essential Fatty AcidsOmega 3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid) and Omega 6 (Linolenic Acid)Several bodily processes afflicted, Skin AilmentsFish Oils, Flaxseed Oil, Hemp Oil, Olive Oil, Pumpkin Seeds, Leafy Vegetables etc.
Vitamin KPhylloquinone (K1), Menaquinone (K2)Lack of Clotting of Blood, Lack of Tissue RenewalGreen Leafy Vegetables etc.
IronAnaemia, ArrhythmiaRed Meat, Seafood, Egg Yolk, Bananas, Apple, Green Vegetables, Broccoli, Beans, Pumpkin Seeds etc.
PotassiumHigh Blood Pressure, Arrhythmia, Muscle Weakness, Myalgia, Muscle Cramps, Constipation, Respiratory Depression, ParalysisMeat, Milk, Fruits, Vegetables, Whole Grains etc.
CalciumOsteoporosis, Hypocalcemia, OstopeniaMilk and Milk Products, Eggs, Wheatgrass etc.
MagnesiumDeterioration of Metabolism & Cellular Functioning, Heart Attacks, Insulin ResistanceNuts and Seeds, Green Vegetables, Dark Chocolate, Whole Grains etc.
SodiumCognitive Impairment, Headaches, Nausea, Seizure, Coma, Electrolytic ImbalanceSalt, Fish, Meat, Vegetables etc.
Chlorine alkalosisSalt, Milk, Meats, Vegetables etc.
Phosphorous hypophosphatemia , rickets in children and osteomalacia in adultsMeat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs, Milk, Bananas etc.
IodineGoitre, Cretinism, Deterioration of Metabolism & Cellular Functioning,Iodised Salt, Sea Food, Green Vegetables, Raw Milk, Eggs etc.
ProteinKwashiorkorMeat, Seafood, Eggs, Pulses & Legumes, Milk & Milk Products etc.
Protein-EnergyMarasmusGrains, Pulses & Legumes, Meat, Milk & Milk Products, Eggs, Seafood etc.

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