Science and Technology Current Affairs in September 2019

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Science and Technology Current Affairs in September 2019

In this we have given, September Month Science and Technology Current Affairs 2019 and other important events held on that day. This is very important for all Competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, RRB, and all PSC Examinations.

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WHO opens global registry on human genome editing

  • An expert advisory committee of the World Health Organisation (WHO) has approved the first phase of a global registry to track research on human genome editing as the UN’s international public health monitor seeks to address the ethical and regulatory challenges surrounding promising new technologies to address gene based treatments.

70 rare Assam temple turtle hatchlings released in Pobitora Sanctuary

  • About 70 hatchlings of the rare Black Softshell and Indian Softshell turtles bred in the ponds of two temples in Assam were released in the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, about 50 km east of Guwahati. Assam is the most species-rich State in India in terms of turtle diversity.
  • The sanctuary is often called ‘Mini Kaziranga’ because of similar landscape and a sizeable population of the one-horned rhino.

Shri Prahlad Singh Patel flags off the first ever  Mobile Science Exhibition 

  • The Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent charge), Shri Prahlad Singh Patel flagged off the first ever Mobile Science Exhibition (SCIENCE EXPLORER) for the entire Ladakh Region in Leh.The Union Culture Minister simultaneously launched 25 new Mobile Science Exhibition buses for Aspirational Districts of India.

WHO South-East Asia Region plans to banish measles, rubella by 2023

  • Member-countries of the World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region have resolved to eliminate highly infectious childhood killer diseases measles and rubella by 2023.“The new target to eliminate both the diseases will leverage the existing momentum and a strong political commitment, which is being demonstrated through unprecedented efforts, progress and successes in recent years,” said Dr. Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia.

Typhoon Faxai

  • In Japan, the Tokyo Metropolitan area is being pounded by heavy winds and rain from the powerful typhoon Faxai. Japan’s Meteorological Agency said Typhoon Faxai, packing winds of up to 216 kilometres per hour, made landfall in Chiba just east of the capital before dawn, after barreling through Tokyo Bay.

India joins the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub

  • India has joined the Global Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Research and Development (R&D) Hub as a new member. This was announced by the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology in New Delhi.
  • This expands the global partnership working to address challenges and improve coordination and collaboration in global AMR R&D to 16 countries, the European Commission, two philanthropic foundations and four international organisations (as observers).
  • The Global AMR R&D Hub was launched in May 2018 in the margins of the 71st session of the World Health Assembly, following a call from G20 Leaders in 2017.

Cyclonic Storm ‘HIKAA’

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) on Monday informed that Cyclonic Storm ‘Hikaa’ will reach Oman coast by the early morning of September 25.
  • A deep depression over the Arabian Sea has intensified into cyclonic storm ‘Hikaa’ that will cause strong winds along the Gujarat coast. The deep depression that formed over northeast and adjoining east-central Arabian Sea intensified into the cyclonic storm Hikaa after moving nearly westwards

Typhoon Tapah lashes South Korea

  • A powerful typhoon battered southern South Korea, injuring 26 people and knocking out power to about 27,790 houses. Typhoon Tapah earlier lashed parts of Japan’s southern islands with heavy rains and winds that caused flooding and some minor injuries.

Inventions/Discover

Keeladi findings traceable to 6th century BCE

  • In a major turning point in the cultural historiography of the ancient Sangam Age, the Tamil Nadu Archaeology Department (TNAD) has stated that the cultural deposits unearthed during excavations at Keeladi in Sivaganga district could be safely dated to a period between 6th century BCE and 1st century CE.
  • This is the first time the date has been officially announced by the TNAD. The recent scientific dates obtained for Keeladi findings push back the date of Tamil-Brahmi script to another century, i.e., 6th century BCE.

Giant earthworm found at the foot of Western Ghats

  • The earthworm measures 950 mm (more than 3 feet) and is 20 mm in width. This was the first time such a large earthworm had been sighted in the Western Ghats and the coastal belt.
  • The giant earthworms begin migrating at night during the pre-monsoon and post-monsoon periods.

First Indigenous Fuel Cell System

  • The President of India, Shri Ram NathKovind, unveiled the first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries under India’s flagship program named “New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)” on the occasion of CSIR Foundation Day at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

 Space Science

Chandrayaan-2 orbiter locates Lander Vikram on surface of moon

  • In a significant development relating to the lunar mission Chandrayaan-2, the Lander Vikram has been located on the surface of the moon.
  • The Lander lost its contact with the ISRO’s Mission Control Centre in Bengaluru in the wee hours yesterday, just minutes before its scheduled soft-landing. During its final leg of the crucial powered descent near the lunar South Pole, it went silent after reaching up to 2.1 kilometres above the surface.
  • The thermal image has been captured by the ‘Imaging Infra-Red Spectrometer’ that is fitted on the Orbiter. In the Orbiter of Chandrayaan-2, the Imaging Infra-Red Spectrometer has been added, originally for the dual purpose of studying the nature of minerals on the moon and to confirm the presence of water.

Water found for first time on potentially habitable planet

  • K2-18b, which is eight times the mass of Earth, is now the only planet orbiting a star outside the Solar System, or ‘exoplanet’, known to have both water and temperatures that could be potentially habitable, according to the study published in the journal Nature Astronomy.
  • Astronomers have for the first time discovered water in the atmosphere of an exoplanet with Earth-like temperatures that could support life as we know it.

‘Project NETRA’

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) initiated ‘Project NETRA’ – an early warning system in space to detect debris and other
  • Space debris could be floating particles from dead satellites or rocket parts that stay in orbit for many years.
  • NETRA effort would make India a part of international efforts towards tracking, warning about and mitigating space debris.

App & Web Portal

Mobile App “CHC Farm Machinery”

  • During the National Conference on Crop Residue Management Union Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare launched a multilingual Mobile App “CHC Farm Machinery” for the farmers to avail the custom hiring services of CHCs located in the radius of 50 Kms.
  • This app connects the farmers with Custom Hiring Service Centres in their area. This app can be downloaded on any android phone from Google Play Store.

CBSE’s portal ‘Vidyadhan’ on Diksha App Launched

  • Union Human Resource Development Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘ Nishank’ presented CBSE Teacher Awards – 2018 to 34 teachers of the country. During this function the minister launched CBSE’s portal ‘Vidyadhan’ on Diksha App, a Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing’s (National Forum for Teachers).
  • Vidya Daan is a unique initiative in which a repository of content is prepared by the teachers by uploading study materials for students of class 6th to 10th on an on-line platform, Diksha App.

E-Saral Hindi Vakya Kosh and E-Maha Shabda Kosh Mobile App

  • Shri Amit Shah launched the E-Saral Hindi Vakya Kosh and E-Maha Shabda Kosh Mobile App, both initiatives of the Department of Official Language that aim to harness information technology for the growth of Hindi.
  • He also awarded Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar and Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar to government departments and public sector units respectively for their contribution to Hindi.

Common Digital Platform for Issuance of Electronic Certificates of Origin

  • Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways, Piyush Goyal and Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Hardeep Singh Puri, launched Common Digital Platform for Issuance of electronic Certificates of Origin (CoO) in New Delhi .
  • Digital Platform is to Give Single Point Access to Exporters. Certificate of Origin will be issued electronically which can be in paperless format if agreed to by the partner countries.

MIS Portal Under Accessible India Campaign

  • The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has developed a Management Information System (MIS) for stakeholders of Accessible India Campaign (AIC).
  • MIS portal will bring all the nodal ministries, and States/UTs on a single platform for monitoring the progress being made against each target of AIC and the portal will be useful in maintaining all the function on digital platform and capture data on a real-time basis.

E-Beat Book’ System and ‘E-Saathi’ App

  • Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah launched E-Beat Book’ System and ‘E-Saathi’ App of the Chandigarh Police, in Chandigarh.
  • The ‘E-Beat Book’ is a web and mobile based application which will ease the collection, updation and analysis of the information related to crime and criminals in a real time.
  • The ‘E-Saathi’ App would help the general public, including senior citizens, to remain in touch with the police and also give suggestions to facilitate participative community policing(‘Your Police at Your Doorstep’ initiative).

Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram App

  • In Uttar Pradesh, Mobile App of Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram has made screening and referral of malnourished children easy. It is an initiative of Ministry of Health and Family welfare.
  • App has made easy the identification of 38 different congenital diseases. All the information of disease is uploaded in the App with the picture and details of child which can be checked by doctors and administration and can be tracked.

Knowledge Management Portal “SIDHIEE”

  • Ministers Shri Nitin Gadkari and Shri RK Singh released Energy Conservation Guidelines for MSMEs and launched the Knowledge Management Portal “SIDHIEE” under the Bureau of Energy Efficiency BEE’s MSME Programme. This portal will host useful information including fifty videos of multimedia tutorials for MSMEs for early adoption of energy efficient technologies.

National Launch of Private Security Agency Licensing Portal

  • The Private Security Agency Licensing Portal was launched in New Delhi. The online portal would be useful in ensuring transparency in licensing in this sector and would give a boost to its credibility. The portal will be available in all official Indian languages in next 90 days and that such facilitation would give a pan-India profile to the online licensing process.

 ‘CHC Farm Machinery and Krishi Kisan App for Geo Tagging’

  • Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, launched two mobile Apps – ‘CHC Farm Machinery and Krishi Kisan App for Geo Tagging’ in New Delhi.
  • The Minister said that through CHC Farm Machinery App, farmers can select and order the required machinery at the rates feasible for them from the Custom Hiring Centers located in the radius of 50 Kms.
  • The Krishi Kisan App will provide farmers the information of best demonstration of high-yielding crops and seeds in their nearby area.

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