The aim is to quickly and effectively transform some of India’s most underdeveloped districts.
It will identify areas of immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.
The broad ideas of the programme include –
i. convergence of central and state schemes
ii. collaboration of central, state level ̳Prabhari‘ (in-charge) officers and district collectors
iii. competition among districts
The 115 districts were chosen by senior officials of the Union government in consultation with State officials based on a composite Index.
The parameters included are
i. deprivation enumerated under Socio-Economic Caste Census
ii. key health and education performance indicators
iii. state of basic infrastructure
The baseline ranking is based on 49 indicators across 5 sectors – health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion and skill development and basic infrastructure.
A minimum of one district was chosen from every State.
The baseline ranking would be followed by delta ranking of these districts based on their “incremental progress”.
The progress of each district will be monitored by the dashboard which has all the latest available data in the 5 sectors given by the District Collectors.
For each district, a four-tier supervisory mechanism has been put in place with a Central Nodal Officer from the Union Government, a State Nodal Officer from concerned State Govt,a District Nodal Officer / District Collector and a Union Minister-in-charge.
The NITI Aayog has recently released a three-year action agenda for the Centre suggesting the ‘Price Deficiency Payment’ (PDP) system.
Under this, farmers will be compensated for the difference between the MSPs for select crops and their actual market prices.
For crops such as rice and wheat where MSP is effective now, the same will continue.
For other targeted crops, price deficiency payments system will be introduced.
However, notably there may be a cap on the extent to which the Centre will bridge the gap between MSP and market price.
A farmer would have to register with the nearest APMC mandi and report the total area sown, to avail this benefit.
The subsidy would be paid via Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) into the farmer‘s Aadhaar-linked bank account.
Atal Innovation Mission
AIM will be an Innovation Promotion Platform involving academics, entrepreneurs, and researchers drawing upon national and international experiences to foster a culture of innovation, R&D in India.
The platform will also promote a network of world-class innovation hubs and grand challenges for India.
Under this mission two major schemes were rolled out such as:
i. Atal Tinkering Labs
ii. Atal Incubation Centres
Atal Tinkering Labs
Niti Aayog brainchild Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has selected additional 1,500 schools across the country to establish Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs).
ATLs are play workspaces fitted with state-of-the-art technologies like 3D printers, robotics, sensor technology kits, Internet of things (IoT), miniaturised electronics.
The labs are designed to spur the spark of creativity, and go beyond regular curriculum and text book learning.
AIM will enhance the coverage of ATLs to over 98 per cent smart cities and 93 per cent districts.
The addition of these schools will give a major boost to realise the vision of the mission to cultivate one million children in India as the innovators of tomorrow.
Self-Employment and Talent Utilization
SETU aims to promote entrepreneurship through techno-financial, incubation and facilitation programme and thereby creating jobs through startups.
It gives support and encouragement to young start-ups and other self-employment technology-intensive ideas.
Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital (SATH) was recently launched in the state of Assam in association with the state government.
The program will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium.
The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors.
It aims to provide support to Assam in identifying key health priorities and implement the solutions towards transforming the health.
The workshop brings experts from development organizations such as World Bank, World Health Organization, UNDP, UNICEF.
Mentor India Campaign
It is a strategic nation building initiative to engage leaders who can guide and mentor students at more than 900 Atal Tinkering Labs, established across the country as a part of the Atal Innovation Mission.
Atal Tinkering Labs are dedicated works spaces where students from Class 6th to Class 12th learn innovation skills and develop ideas that will go on to transform India.
The labs are powered to acquaint students with state-of-the-art equipment such as 3D printers, robotics & electronics development tools, Internet of things & sensors etc.