Niti Aayog Schemes

Niti Aayog Schemes
Aspirational Districts Programme
  • The aim is to quickly and effectively transform some of India’s most underdeveloped districts.
  • It will identify areas of immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.
  • The broad ideas of the programme include –
    i. convergence of central and state schemes
    ii. collaboration of central, state level ̳Prabhari‘ (in-charge) officers and district collectors
    iii. competition among districts
  • The 115 districts were chosen by senior officials of the Union government in consultation with State officials based on a composite Index.
  • The parameters included are
    i. deprivation enumerated under Socio-Economic Caste Census
    ii. key health and education performance indicators
    iii. state of basic infrastructure
  • The baseline ranking is based on 49 indicators across 5 sectors – health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion and skill development and basic infrastructure.
  • A minimum of one district was chosen from every State.
  • The baseline ranking would be followed by delta ranking of these districts based on their “incremental progress”.
  • The progress of each district will be monitored by the dashboard which has all the latest available data in the 5 sectors given by the District Collectors.
  • For each district, a four-tier supervisory mechanism has been put in place with a Central Nodal Officer from the Union Government, a State Nodal Officer from concerned State Govt,a District Nodal Officer / District Collector and a Union Minister-in-charge.
Important Schemes in India in Tamil
 Price deficiency Payment Scheme
  • The NITI Aayog has recently released a three-year action agenda for the Centre suggesting the ‘Price Deficiency Payment’ (PDP) system.
  • Under this, farmers will be compensated for the difference between the MSPs for select crops and their actual market prices.
  • For crops such as rice and wheat where MSP is effective now, the same will continue.
  •  For other targeted crops, price deficiency payments system will be introduced.
  • However, notably there may be a cap on the extent to which the Centre will bridge the gap between MSP and market price.
  • A farmer would have to register with the nearest APMC mandi and report the total area sown, to avail this benefit.
  • The subsidy would be paid via Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) into the farmer‘s Aadhaar-linked bank account.
Atal Innovation Mission
  • AIM will be an Innovation Promotion Platform involving academics, entrepreneurs, and researchers drawing upon national and international experiences to foster a culture of innovation, R&D in India.
  • The platform will also promote a network of world-class innovation hubs and grand challenges for India.
  • Under this mission two major schemes were rolled out such as:
    i. Atal Tinkering Labs
    ii. Atal Incubation Centres
 Atal Tinkering Labs
  • Niti Aayog brainchild Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has selected additional 1,500 schools across the country to establish Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs).
  • ATLs are play workspaces fitted with state-of-the-art technologies like 3D printers, robotics, sensor technology kits, Internet of things (IoT), miniaturised electronics.
  • The labs are designed to spur the spark of creativity, and go beyond regular curriculum and text book learning.
  • AIM will enhance the coverage of ATLs to over 98 per cent smart cities and 93 per cent districts.
  • The addition of these schools will give a major boost to realise the vision of the mission to cultivate one million children in India as the innovators of tomorrow.
Self-Employment and Talent Utilization
  • SETU aims to promote entrepreneurship through techno-financial, incubation and facilitation programme and thereby creating jobs through startups.
  • It gives support and encouragement to young start-ups and other self-employment technology-intensive ideas.
SATH program
  • Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital (SATH) was recently launched in the state of Assam in association with the state government.
  • The program will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium.
  • The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors.
  • It aims to provide support to Assam in identifying key health priorities and implement the solutions towards transforming the health.
  • The workshop brings experts from development organizations such as World Bank, World Health Organization, UNDP, UNICEF.
Mentor India Campaign
  • It is a strategic nation building initiative to engage leaders who can guide and mentor students at more than 900 Atal Tinkering Labs, established across the country as a part of the Atal Innovation Mission.
  • Atal Tinkering Labs are dedicated works spaces where students from Class 6th to Class 12th learn innovation skills and develop ideas that will go on to transform India.
  • The labs are powered to acquaint students with state-of-the-art equipment such as 3D printers, robotics & electronics development tools, Internet of things & sensors etc.

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