Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change Schemes


Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change Schemes


  • Pro-Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single-window Hub was recently launched by the Prime Minister of India.
  • It is a Single-Window Integrated Environmental Management System, launched on the occasion of World Biofuel Day.
  • It has been rolled out for online submission, monitoring and management of proposals seeking various types of environment clearances from Central, State and district-level authorities.
  • It enables project proponents, citizens to view, track and interact with scrutiny officers, generates online mail alerts to state functionaries in case of delays beyond stipulated time for processing of applications.

Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats:

  • IDWH is a centrally sponsored umbrella scheme that consists of Project Tiger, Development of Wildlife Habitats and Project Elephant.
  • The schemes would result in overall strengthening/ consolidation of tiger, elephant and wildlife conservation in the country.
  • Besides, it would also address the Man-Animal conflict effectively and benefit the communities relocating from core protected areas.
  • The implementation of the schemes would be done through the respective States in designated Tiger Reserves, Protected Areas and Elephant Reserves.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has recently approved continuation of the IDWH beyond the 12th Plan period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Important Schemes in India in Tamil

Green Skill Development Programme:

  • It was launched in line with the Skill India programme for skilling India‘s youth in the environment and forest sector.
  • It endeavours to develop green skilled workers having technical knowledge and commitment to sustainable development, which will help in the attainment of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), SDGs, National Biodiversity Targets (NBTs), as well as Waste Management Rules (2016).
  • It aims to train over 5.5 lakh workers in environment and forest sectors in the country through 30 courses by 2021.
  • Botanical Survey of India and Zoological Survey of India were the nodal Centres for the pilot programme.
  • It provides gainful employment to candidates completing the course in the zoos/wildlife sanctuaries/national parks etc
  • It is being implemented by utilising the vast networks and expertise of ENVIS Hubs. Environmental Information System (ENVIS)
  • ENVIS has been established by the Government of India as a plan programme in 1982.
  • Its focus has been on providing environmental information to decision makers, policy planners, scientists and engineers, research workers, etc. all over the country.
  • A large number of nodes, known as ENVIS Centres, have been established in the network to cover the broad subject areas of environment with a Focal Point in the Ministry of Environment & Forests.
  • It has been designed as the National Focal Point for INFOTERRA, a global environmental information network of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Himalayan Research Fellowships Scheme:

  • The fellowship was started to create a young pool of trained environmental managers, ecologists and socio
  • It will help generate information on physical, biological, managerial and human aspects of Himalayan environment and development.
  • The scheme will be executed through various universities and Institutions working in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) and the financial support will be provided under the National Mission on Himalayan Studies (NMHS).
  • Fellowships will be awarded for a maximum period of 3 years.
  • Areas that are being focused on for research under the NMHS are,
  1. Water resource management including rejuvenation of springs and catchments,
  2. Hydropower development,
  3. Assessment and prediction of water-induced hazards,
  4. Livelihood options including ecotourism opportunities,
  5. Biodiversity management including recovery of threatened species and skill development.

National Action Plan on Climate Change:

  • National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is a comprehensive action plan which outlines measures on climate change related adaptation and mitigation while simultaneously advancing development.
  • It effectively pulls together a number of the government‘s existing national plans on water, renewable energy, energy efficiency agriculture and others and bundled with additional ones into a set of eight missions.
  • The Prime Minister‘s Council on Climate Change is in charge of the overall implementation of the plan. Eight core missions of NAPCC
  1. National Solar Mission – It has a goal of increasing production of photo-voltaic to 1000 MW/year; and a goal of deploying at least 1000 MW of solar thermal power generation.
  2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
  3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  4. National Water Mission – the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.
  5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
  6. National Mission for a ―Green India‖: Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India‘s territory.
  7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change

National Mission for Green India:

  • It aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India‘s diminishing forest cover by setting the following goals
  1. To increase forest/tree cover to the extent of 5 million hectares (mha) and improve quality of forest/tree cover on another 5 mha of forest/non-forest lands,
  2. To improve/enhance eco-system services like carbon sequestration and storage, hydrological services, biodiversity and provisioning services like fuel, fodder, and timber and non-timber forest produces,
  3. To increase forest based livelihood income of about 3 million households.

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