Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Schemes
Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanraks Han Abhiyan:
- PM-AASHA is a new umbrella scheme aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce.
- The three components that are part of AASHA are:
1. Price Support Scheme
2. Price Deficiency Payment Scheme
3. Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockiest Scheme
- The other existing schemes of Department of Food and Public Distribution for procurement of paddy, wheat and nutria-cereals/coarse grains and of Ministry of Textile for cotton and jute will be continued for providing MSP to farmers for these crops.
- PSS – Under the PSS, physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies.
- Besides, NAFED and Food Cooperation of India will also take up procurement of crops under PSS.
- The expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by the Centre.
- PDPS – Under the PDPS, the Centre proposes to cover all oilseeds for which MSP is notified.
- The difference between the MSP and actual selling/modal price will be directly paid into the farmer’s bank account.
- Farmers who sell their crops in recognized mantis within the notified period can benefit from it.
- This scheme does not involve any physical procurement of crops as farmers are paid the difference between the MSP price and Sale/modal price on disposal in notified market.
- PPSS – In the case of oilseeds, States will have the option to roll out PPSSs in select districts.
- Under this, a private player can procure crops at MSP when market prices drop below MSP and whenever
- Authorized by the state/UT government to enter the market.
- The private player will then be compensated through a service charge up to a maximum of 15% of the MSP.
- It was launched on the lines of Operation Flood.
- The idea behind Operation Greens is to double the income of farmers by end of 2022.
- It aims to promote farmer producers organizations, agric-logistics, processing facilities and professional
- It is essentially a price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their
- The main objective of the project is to reduce price volatility in agriculture commodities such as
- Initially, Government has decided to start focusing on three basic vegetables namely tomatoes, onions and potatoes.
Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan:
- The Ministry of Agriculture and farmers‘ welfare has launched the Krishi kalyan Abhiyaan to aid, assist and advice farmers on how to improve their farming techniques and raise their incomes.
- National Agricultural Cooperative marketing Federation of India (NAFED) was established in 1958.
- It is registered under the multi state co-operative societies act.
- Its objective is to promote co-operative marketing of agricultural produce to benefit the farmers.
- The Food Corporation of India was set up under the Food Corporation’s Act 1964, with the following objectives –
1. effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers
2. distribution of food grains throughout the country for public distribution system
3. maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of food grains to ensure National Food Security
- The Krishi kalyan Abhiyaan will be undertaken in 25 Villages with more than 1000 population each in Aspirational Districts identified in consultation with Ministry of Rural Development as per directions of NITI Ayog.
- The overall coordination and implementation in the 25 villages of a district is being done by Krishi Vigyan Kendra of that district.
- Various activities to promote best practices and enhance agriculture income are being undertaken under this plan such as:-
- Distribution of Soil Health Cards to all farmers
- 100% coverage of bovine vaccination for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in each village
- 100% coverage of Sheep and Goat for eradication of Peste des Petits ruminants (PPR )
- Distribution of Mini Kits of pulses and oilseeds to all Distribution of Horticulture/Agro Forestry/Bamboo plant @ 5 per family(location appropriate) Artificial insemination saturation Demonstration program on Micro- irrigation
Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana:
- It is an umbrella scheme comprises of 11 Schemes/Missions which looks to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic manner to increase the income of farmers.
- The 11 schemes/missions are,
- Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture aims to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector.
- National Food Security Mission including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), aims to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and commercial crops, through area expansion and productivity enhancement.
- National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture aims at promoting sustainable agriculture practices best suitable to the specific agro-ecology.
- Submission on Agriculture Extension aims to strengthen the ongoing extension mechanism of State Governments, local bodies etc., achieving food and nutritional security.
- Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material aims to increase production of certified / quality seed, to increase SRR, to upgrade the quality of farm saved seeds.
- Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization aims to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low.
- Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine aims to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc.
- Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics aims to undertake the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops etc.,
- Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation aims to provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances.
- Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Marketing aims to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure and to establish a nationwide marketing information network.
- National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A) aims to improve access of farmers to information &services throughout crop-cycle and integrate the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States.
- All these schemes/missions were appraised and approved independently as separate scheme/mission.
- In 2017-18, it has been decided to club all these schemes / missions under one umbrella scheme ‘Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana’.
Mission Organic Value Chain Development for NE Region:
- MOVCDNER (2015-16 to 2017-18) is a Central Sector Scheme that seeks to capitalise on the organic farming potential of North-East India.
- It covers the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and
- The scheme aims at development of certified organic production in a value chain mode to link growers with consumers.
- It supports the development of entire value chain, covering Value Chain Production, Processing, Marketing and Support Agencies.
Soil Health Card Scheme:
- It was launched in 2015 in Rajasthan.
- The card informs farmers about nutrients status of the soils along with the recommendation on appropriate dosage of nutrients to improve soil health and fertility.
- The card will be issued once in every 3 years to a farm so that nutrients deficiency can be regularly detected and improved.
- The aim is to provide Soil Health Card to all 120 million farm holdings by Dec, 2017.
- In the first phase of the scheme (2015-17), 100 million SHC have been distribut
- The second phase began on May 1, 2017, and will continue for the year 2017 to 2019.
- Recently, the government has updated the funding pattern for soil health card scheme implemented by Ministry of Agriculture under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.
- Accordingly, the fund sharing pattern would be 90:10 for North Eastern and Himalayan States and 60:40 for other states and 100% borne by central government in UTs.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana:
- It is to provide comprehensive insurance coverage against crop loss.
- It is compulsory for farmers availing crop loans for notified crops in notified areas and voluntary for non- loanee farmers.
- Premium rate – There is no capping in premium and one premium rate on pan-India basis. It is 1.5%, 2%
- and 5% for all Rabi, Kharif and annual horticultural/commercial crops, respectively.
- There is no upper limit on the government subsidy i.e the difference between premium and insurance charges paid by the farmer.
- Losses covered – Non-Preventable risk such as Natural Fire, Storm, Hailstorm, Cyclone and Inundation has also been included as a localized calamity. Post Harvest losses also covered.
- A cluster approach will be adopted under which a group of districts with variable risk profile will be allotted to an insurance company
- Use of Remote Sensing Technology, Smart phones & Drones for quick estimation of crop losses to ensure early settlement of claims.