Home Study Materials Static GK List of active, dormant & extinct volcanoes in India – Download Study Materials Here!!!

List of active, dormant & extinct volcanoes in India – Download Study Materials Here!!!

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 List of active, dormant & extinct volcanoes in India

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Volcanic activity is the most powerful force in nature. Some volcanic eruptions are much more powerful than the largest nuclear explosion. Volcanoes have killed thousands of people and caused some of the most frightening events in human history.Many people are interested in ways to classify volcanoes.  Below we have give the details of different types of volcanoes in India.

List of Volcanoes in India: The only Indian live Volcano at Andaman & Nicobar Islands is Active again!

The sights of hot lava erupting from volcanoes on the internet make an exciting watch. Well, India’s only live volcano in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is showing such dramatic movements lately. According to the researchers at Goa-based National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Barren Island volcano located in the Andaman Sea had started showing activity in the year 1991 after being dormant for over 150 years has once again started spewing ash. The team of scientists have confirmed in their observation that during the daytime only ash clouds were observed. However, after sundown, the team observed red lava fountains spewing from the crater into the atmosphere, and hot lava flows streaming down the slopes of the volcano, it said. India has a list of six volcanoes including the only live one, Barren Islands volcano which also happens to be the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia. The first recorded volcanic eruption here dates back to 1787.

Sr. No. Volcano Name State
1. Barren Island Andaman Islands
2. Narcondam Andaman Islands
3. Baratang Andaman Islands
4. Deccan Traps Maharashtra
5. Dhinodhar Hills Gujarat
6. Dhosi Hill Haryana
List of Volcanoes in India: The only Indian live Volcano at Andaman & Nicobar Islands is Active again!

The sights of hot lava erupting from volcanoes on the internet make an exciting watch. Well, India’s only live volcano in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is showing such dramatic movements lately. According to the researchers at Goa-based National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Barren Island volcano located in the Andaman Sea had started showing activity in the year 1991 after being dormant for over 150 years has once again started spewing ash. The team of scientists have confirmed in their observation that during the daytime only ash clouds were observed. However, after sundown, the team observed red lava fountains spewing from the crater into the atmosphere, and hot lava flows streaming down the slopes of the volcano, it said. India has a list of six volcanoes including the only live one, Barren Islands volcano which also happens to be the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia.

A conventional way of classifying magmatic volcanoes is by their frequency of eruption. They are called active if they erupt regularly. Dormant or inactive volcanoes are those that have erupted in the past times but are now quiet while the volcanoes that have not erupted since ages are termed extinct. The Barren Island volcano, in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is erupting once again. After remaining dormant for 150 years, it first erupted in 1991 and now showed signs of powerful volcanic eruptions.

A team of scientists led by Abhay Mudholkar, from CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR-NIO) in Goa, reported that the volcano is active and spewing smoke and lava once again. CSIR-NIO said in a statement said: “The only live volcano in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is erupting once again. The Barren Island volcano, located 140-km north-east of Port Blair, dormant for more than 150 years started erupting in 1991 and has since then shown intermittent activity.

List of all Volcanoes in India

Along with the rest of the Andaman Islands, Barren Islands volcano is a part of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and lies about 138 km (86 mi) northeast of the territory’s capital, Port Blair. The first eruption of the volcano was recorded in the year 1787, since then it erupted 11 times with the most recent one being on January 23, 2017.

“On the afternoon of January 23, 2017, the scientific team on board CSIR-NIO’s research ship R V Sindhu Sankalp were busy collecting sea floor samples in the Andaman Basin near the Barren volcano when it suddenly started spewing ash,” the NIO has said. “The team moved about one mile from the volcano and began closely observing it. It was erupting in small episodes lasting about five to ten minutes,” said the release.

NameLocationTypeLast eruptionDetails
Barren IslandAndaman IslandsActive Volcano2017Barren Island is an island located in the Andaman Sea, dominated by Barren Volcano, the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia, and the only active volcano along a chain of volcanoes from Sumatra to Myanmar.The first recorded eruption of the volcano dates back to 1787 . Since then, the volcano has erupted more than ten times, with the most recent one being in 2017.
NarcondamAndaman Islandsdormant volcano560 kyrs BPNarcondam is a small volcanic island located in the Andaman Sea. The island's peak rises to 710 m above mean sea level, and it is formed of andesite. It is part of the Andaman Islands, the main body of which lie approximately 124 km (77 mi) to the west. The name Narcondam could have been derived from the Tamil word naraka-kundam, meaning "a pit of Hell"
Deccan TrapsMaharashtra -66 myaThe Deccan Trapsare a large igneous province located on the Deccan Plateau of west-central India (17°–24°N, 73°–74°E) and are one of the largest volcanic features on Earth. The term "trap" has been used in geology since 1785–1795 for such rock formations. It is derived from the Scandinavian word for stairs ("trappa") and refers to the step-like hills forming the landscape of the region.
BaratangAndaman IslandsMud VolcanoActive since 2003Baratang Island is an island of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the North and Middle Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territoryof Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Ranchiwalas Island is another name for Baratang Island.Baratang contains the only known examples of mud volcanoes in India. These mud volcanoes have erupted sporadically, with recent eruptions in 2005 believed to have been associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Dhinodhar HillsGujaratExtinctInactive VolcanoDinodhar Hills are located near Nani Aral village, in Nakhatrana Taluka, Kutch District, Gujarat, in India. Dinodhar Hill is a tourist and pilgrimage spot. Dinodhar Hill, an inactive volcano rising to an elevation of 386 meters.
Dhosi HillHaryanaExtinct732 Ma BP (million years before present )Dhosi Hill is an extinct volcano, standing alone in the North-West end of the Aravali mountain range with height varying from about 345 to 470 meters from the surrounding land.It is part of Aravalli Mountain Range, that belongs to the Precambrian Malani igneous suite of rocks Dhosi Hill is located on the borders of the Indian states of Haryana and Rajasthan. The Haryana portion lies in Mahendragarh district to the south, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from Narnaul on Singhana Road; the Rajasthan portion lies in Jhunjhunu district to the north.
Tosham HillsHaryanaExtinct732 Ma BP (million years before present)Tusham hill old spelling), located at Tosham, with an average elevation of 207 meters (679 feet), and the rocks exposed in and around Tosham hills are part of subsurface north western spur of Alwar group of Delhi supergroup of Aravalli Mountain Range, belong to the Precambrian Malani igneous suite of rocks. The main Tusham hill is the second largest hill in the range. It has ancient rock inscriptions and rock paintings, paelo eroded rocky glacial channels and water cascades, and small hilltop lakes.

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