IMPORTANT AWARDS IN INDIA 

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IMPORTANT AWARDS IN INDIA 

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Major Prestigious awards of India which are being conferred by the government of India can be classified in different categories. The broad categories of these awards are Civilian Awards, Gallantry Awards, Sports Awards, Literature Awards and Peace and Leadership Awards.

Sl noCategoryAwardsDetails
1Civilian AwardsBharat RatnaThis award is the highest civilian award of India and is conferred for achievements in the fields of:Science,Literature,Arts,Public services,Sports. Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980
Padma VibhushanThe Padma Vibhushan is given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by the government servants.A few eminent personalities who received this award are Zakhir Hussain, V K Menon, Sachin Tendulkar, Shri Sharad Pawar and more.
Padma BhushanA few well-known people who have received this award are Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, Devi Prasad Dwivedi, Swami Niranjana Nanda Saraswat and several others.
Padma ShriPadma, meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and Shri, a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to 'Mr.' or 'Ms.' (ie., "Noble One in Blossom"), appear in Devanagari above and below a lotus flower.
2Gallantry Awards Param Vir ChakraParam Vir Chakra is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valor or self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea, or in the air.The name of the award means the “Wheel of the Ultimate Brave”.
Ashoka ChakraAshoka Chakra is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some act of daring or pre-eminent act of valor or self-sacrifice otherwise than in the face of the enemy.
Mahavir ChakraMaha Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air.Also, it replaced the British Distinguished Service Order (DSO).
Kirti ChakraKirti Chakra is awarded for conspicuous gallantry otherwise than in the face of the enemy.the award was known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class II V before 1967.
Vir ChakraVir Chakra is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land or at sea or in the air.Moreover, it replaced the British Distinguished Service Cross (DSC), Military Cross (MC) and Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC).
Shaurya ChakraShaurya Chakra is awarded for gallantry otherwise than in the face of the enemy.The award was known as Ashoka Chakra, Class III before 1967.
3Literature awardsJnanpith AwardThe Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their "outstanding contribution towards literature".The nominations for the award are received from various literary experts, teachers, critics, universities, and numerous literary and language associations.
Sahitya Akademi AwardThe award, India's National Academy of Letters, annually confers on writers of the most outstanding books of literary merit published in any of the major Indian languages
Bhasha SammanLike the Sahitya Akademi Awards, Bhasha Samman too comprise a plaque and a cash prize of Rs. 1,00,000(from 2009).The Sammans are given to 3-4 persons every year in different languages on the basis of recommendation of experts' committees constituted for the purpose.
Premchand FellowshipNamed after Hindi writer Premchand, the fellowship was started in 2005. It is given to persons of eminence in the field of Culture from SAARC countries.
4Sports AwardsRajiv Gandhi Khel RatnaThe Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is the highest sports award given for most outstanding performance in the field of sports in India.As of 2017, all Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna recipients will receive Rs. 7.5 lakhs in cash, a citation and a medal.
Arjuna AwardThis award is given to a sportsperson who has consistently exhibited outstanding performance for four years.All Arjuna Awardees receive a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakhs, a certificate, and statuettes.
Dronacharya AwardIt is generally said that “Behind every successful man there is a woman”, one can also say that, “Behind every successful sportsperson there is a coach” Seeing the valuable contribution that coaches have in the sports field, the government of India decided to honour the coaches as well.Dronacharya Awardees are offered a cash prize of 5 lakh, certificate and statuette.
Dyanchand AwardThe Dyanchand Award is given for lifetime contribution to sports development.This award is named after Major Dhyan Chand, an Indian hockey player who scored over 1000 goals during a career span of over 20 years.Dyanchand Awardees are offered a cash prize of 5 lakh, certificate and statuette.

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