International Current Affairs of October 2019


International Current Affairs October 2019

In this we have given, October Month International Current Affairs 2019 and other important events held on that day. This is very important for all Competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, RRB, and all PSC Examinations.

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China celebrates 70 years of communism

  • China celebrated its 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) with a massive military parade, showcasing its most advanced weapons.
  • On 1st October 1949, Mao Zedong – or Chairman Mao – announced the formation of the PRC, after communist forces won a bloody civil war.

“Khadi Nepal” fashion show on the eve of Gandhi Jayanti held in Nepal

  • On the eve of Gandhi Jayanti “Khadi Nepal” fashion show ensembling Khadi and handloom couture from India and Nepal was held in Kathmandu.
  • The programme was organised by the Embassy of India in association with South Asia Foundation as part of celebrating 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Uzbekistan issued stamps in memory of Mahatma Gandhi

  • The government of Uzbekistan has issued a special postage stamp to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • According to a press release from Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Information Technology and Communications and the Postal department issued the stamp as a joint initiative.

Russia mark 100th birthday of Kalashnikov

  • Russia will next month celebrate the life of Kalashnikov, designer of the AK-47, with a number of events, including the museum display and a biopic. The designer of the AK-47 is seen as a national hero and a symbol of the country’s proud military past

North Korea successfully tested Submarine-launched missile

  • North Korea has said that its test-firing of a new submarine-launched ballistic missile in the waters off its east coast was successful. The Korean Central News Agency said the test of the Pukguksong-3 missile ushered in a new phase in containing the outside forces’ threat to North Korea.

World Cotton Day celebrations in Geneva

  • Union Minister of Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani, is participating in the World Cotton Day being observed from 7th October to 11th October 2019 in Geneva. The World Trade Organisation (WTO) is organizing World Cotton Day event in collaboration with the Secretariats of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Trade Centre (ITC) and the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC).

Indian-origin Singaporean judge joins Brunei Supreme Court

  • An Indian-origin Singaporean judge has been sworn in by Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah as a judicial commissioner of the Supreme Court of the sultanate.
  • Kannan Ramesh’s appointment is for a two-year period and the 54-year-old Justice will continue to hold his position as a full-time judge of the Supreme Court of Singapore.

50th IFFI 2019 to be held in Goa from November 20-28

  • The 50th International Film Festival of India, IFFI 2019, will be held from November 20-28 in Goa. Over 200 best films from 76 countries, 26 feature films and 15 non-feature films in the Indian Panorama section will be screened at the film festival. 

Festival of Fulpati being celebrated in Nepal

  • In Nepal, the festival of Fulpati is being celebrated with gaiety and religious fervour today. Fulpati is observed on the seventh day of Dashain festival. In Nepali, “Ful” means flower and “Pati” means leaves and plants.

India, Mexico agree to work together on multilateral issues

  • The fifth round of Foreign Office Consultations between India and Mexico were held in New Delhi. The Indian side was led by Secretary (East) Vijay Thakur Singh and Mexican side was led by Deputy Minister of External Affairs of Mexico Julián Ventura Valero.
  • The two sides reviewed the entire gamut of bilateral cooperation, including political, trade and economic cooperation.

Portugal’s Socialists win election

  • In Portugal, the center-left Socialists win general election with 36.6% of the vote and are preparing to govern for another four years. The main opposition Social Democratic Party came second with almost 28%.
  • Antonio Costa, the Socialist leader and incumbent prime minister said that he intends to continue his business-friendly policies and prudent fiscal management.

Chinese President Xi pledges NRs 56 billion in aid to Nepal

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping has said that China will provide Nepalese 56 billion rupees assistance to Kathmandu over the next two years to help Nepal’s development programmes as the two countries inked 20 agreements to bolster their bilateral ties.

Indian nun Mariam Thresia, four others declared Saints

  • Indian nun Mariam Thresia and four others were declared Saints by Pope Francis at a grand ceremony at the Vatican City.
  • Mariam Thresia, who founded the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family in Thrissur in May 1914, was raised to the highest position within the centuries-old institution during the ceremony at the St Peter’s Square.

India offers help in rescue operation for Typhoon hit Japan

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has expressed grief over the loss of lives in Japan due to Typhoon Hagibis and said Indian Navy personnel, who were on a scheduled visit there, will be happy to assist in rescue operations.
  • Typhoon Hagibis made landfall in the South of Tokyo and moved towards North, triggering severe floods. It has left at least 33 people dead and more than a dozen missing.

Russian frigate Admiral Makarov test fired Kalibr cruise missiles

  • Russian frigate Admiral Makarov test-fired Kalibr cruise missiles as part of drills in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. All the armament of the ship has been checked in combat within the last two years.

Sri Lanka removed from FATF’s Grey List

  • Sri Lanka has been removed from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) list of countries at risk for money laundering.
  • Paris informed the removal of Sri Lanka’s name from the blacklist commending the new measures taken by the country on financial security. Sri Lanka was first included in the blacklist in 2011. By 2012, Sri Lanka was listed in the list as a dangerous country with no commitment to the financial security plan

Chile President declares state emergency in Santiago

  • Chile’s President Sebastian Pinera has declared a state of emergency in Santiago and gave the military responsibility for security after a day of violent protests over an increase in the price of metro tickets.
  • The President has appointed Major General Javier Iturriaga del Campo as the head of national defence. In a statement, he said the objective of the state of emergency is to ensure public order and peace for the inhabitants of Santiago.

Interpol to hold general assembly in India in 2022

  • India will host the 91st Interpol General Assembly in 2022 after a proposal received the overwhelming support of member countries at this year’s congregation at Santinago in Chile.
  • The International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) had hosted the general assembly, where representatives of all member countries converge, in India in 1997.

Indo Mongolian Exercise Nomadic Elephant XIV

  • In the series of joint bilateral exercises between India & Mongolia, both nations have once again come together to enhance bilateral friendship to the next level. The fourteenth edition of joint military training exercise between Indian Army and Mongolian Army named EX NOMADIC ELEPHANT 2019 which commenced on 05 Oct 19 concluded at Foreign Training Node (FTN), Bakloh on 18 Oct 19.

India and Switzerland decide to carry forward working together in the area of Rail Transport

  • India and Switzerland decide to carry forward working together in the Rail Transport sector. The two sides at meetings that concluded last evening have followed upon the 1st meeting of Joint Working Group (JWG) held between two sides after the MoU for cooperation in rail sector was signed in 2017.

Venezuela wins seat on UN human rights council despite opposition

  • Venezuela was elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council with 105 votes and a round of applause, despite fierce lobbying by the United States and rights groups, and the late entry of Costa Rica as competition.
  • The Human Rights Council, created by the General Assembly in 2006, is responsible for strengthening promotion and protection of human rights

Jaipur foot organised in Dhaka

  • Indian High Commission in association with the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR) and Bangladesh Orthopedic Society is organizing a 42 day long Jaipur Foot Artificial Limb Fitment Camp at NITOR in Dhaka.
  • This camp is being organized under “India for Humanity” initiative of Government of India to commemorate 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

2nd group starts training on special tailor-made course at NACIN

  • The second group of 18 officers of the Government of Nepal have started their training on Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism at Regional Centre of National Academy of Customs, Indirect Taxes and Narcotics (NACIN) in Bengaluru.
  • This is a special tailor-made course designed at the request of Government of Nepal. It is an example of India’s commitment to enhance the capacities of various agencies of the Government of Nepal. The course is fully supported by the Government of India under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Programme of Ministry of External Affairs.

India, Maldives to take forward defence ties

  • With the recent improvement in relations, India and the Maldives will take forward several pending measures to promote defence cooperation in the next few months, diplomatic sources said.
  • These include lease of a Dornier aircraft, bringing the Maldives under India’s coastal radar chain network and a broad-based humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) exercise.

Malaysia, Indonesia to challenge EU biofuels law at WTO by end-2019

  • Malaysia and Indonesia will challenge via the World Trade Organisation (WTO) a European Union law that will limit palm oil use in biofuels.”Malaysia and Indonesia are committed to challenge the Delegated Act through the WTO Dispute Settlement Body by end of this year.
  • The European Union had earlier this year decided to phase out by 2030 palm-based transport fuels in its share of renewable energy after concluding that its cultivation results in excessive deforestation.

Jagmeet Singh emerges as ‘kingmaker’

  • Indian-origin Canadian politician Jagmeet Singh, whose New Democratic Party (NDP) won 24 seats in the general election, is set to emerge as the “kingmaker” while Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party lost majority.
  • PM Justin Trudeau, who lost majority, needs the support of Singh’s left-leaning NDP to form the govt.

Japanese Emperor Naruhito formally proclaims ascension to throne

  • Emperor Naruhito formally declared his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne as the nation’s 126th emperor. The emperor, 59, officially began his reign in May after the abdication of his father, the then-Emperor Akihito.But, after a series of traditional rituals inside the imperial palace in Tokyo, his ascension has now been formalised.

PM Modi congratulates Saied on being sworn-in as President of Tunisia

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated Kais Saied on being sworn-in as the President of Tunisia.
  • An Independent candidate with no past political experience, Kais saied won the presidential election with 72.71 percent of vote share.

US to ban flights to all Cuban international airports except Havana

  • The US Department of State said the United States would ban US airlines from flying to all Cuban international airports except Havana starting from December to further pressure the Cuban government. It said, the move aims to prevent the Cuban government from profiting from U.S. air travel.
  • According to US media, the United States will suspend scheduled flights from various U.S. cities to nine destinations in Cuba, including Santa Clara,Santiago, and Holguin.

Bangladesh to hold world’s second largest Muslim congregation ‘Bishwa Ijtema’

  • Bangladesh will hold the first phase of Bishwa Ijtema, the second largest congregation of Muslim community after Hajj, from January 10 to 12 next year in Dhaka. The second phase of the Ijtema will be held from January 17 to 19.

Emergency declared in California as wildfires rage

  • The Governor of the US state of California, Gavin Newsom, has declared a state of emergency because of raging wildfires. The Kincade fire located in Sonoma County, north of San Francisco, first started on October 23. It is the largest fire currently burning in the state.

‘Bangladesh-India Friendship Dialogue’ at Cox’s Bazar from Nov 1

  • The ninth edition of Bangladesh-India Friendship Dialogue will be held at Cox Bazar in Bangladesh from November 1. The two-day dialogue will cover a wide range of issues like trade and investment, connectivity, technology, energy, regional security, extremism and sustainable development among others. The dialogue aims to draw from learning and experiences in these sectors between India and Bangladesh.

Sri Lankan Cabinet approves MCC grant of 480 million from US

  • Sri Lankan Cabinet has approved the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) grant of 480 million US dollars from the US Government. Earlier, President Maithripala Sirisena had said that he will not approve the deal after the main opposition had raised concerns over the agreement. MCC consists of grant funds for traffic management in Colombo, road construction island-wide and land administration improvements covering the whole country.

Argentina’s 2019 Election Brings in a New President

  • Peronists Alberto Fernández, along with running mate and former President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, won the first round on October 27 with 48 percent of the vote. Center-right President Mauricio Macri earned 40 percent but lost his reelection bid to a Peronist front.

Sharjah International Book Fair 2019

  • The 38th edition of the Sharjah International Book Fair (SIBF) 2019 was inaugurated by Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah. Nearly 1800 exhibitors from 77 countries are participating in the Fair. The fair will showcase 987 activities presenting scientific, knowledge and literary themes.
  • The theme of the Sharjah World Book Capital (SWBC), ‘Open Books Open Minds’, to promote books and reading across age groups and communities.

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