Interim Government (1946) Study Material

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Interim Government (1946) Study Material

Interim Government

On 2 September 1946, an interim government was formed on the 6-5-3 formula. It had six Congressmen, five Muslim League representatives and three representatives of the minorities.

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The composition of the 14-member interim government was as follows:

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru (Vice-President)
  2. Vallabhbhai Patel (Home, Information Executive Council External Affairs and Broadcasting and CommonwealthRelations)
  3. Baldev Singh (Defence)
  4. Liaqat Ali Khan (Finance)
  5. John Matthai (Industries and Supplies)
  6. Ghazanfar Ali Khan (Health )
  7. Rajendra Prasad (Food and Agriculture)
  8. Jogindernath Mandal (Law)
  9. H. Bhaba (Works, Mines, and Power)
  10. Jagjivan Ram (Labour)
  11. T. Chudrigar (Commerce)
  12. Abdur Rah Nishtar (Communications)
  13. Asaf Ali (Railways)
  14. Rajagopalachari (Education)

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The Muslim League joined the interim government without any intention to cooperate. They kept on organising anti-Congress and anti-Hindu rallies in Punjab and the United Provinces. Liaqat Ali, the Finance Minister, presented the first budget, which was allegedly designed to harm the industrialists and the merchant community dominated by the Hindus. The Muslim League kept its hard stance of not joining the Constituent Assembly, which began its sitting in New Delhi on 9 December 1946, and started pressing for its demand of Pakistan.

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