Central Government has started the process of implementing the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) in India. The Center has begun work on implementing the CAA Citizenship Amendment Act in India. Refugees residing in Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab can apply for Indian citizenship. Minorities from neighboring countries living in 13 districts in 5 states are said to be eligible to apply.
What is CAA?
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which leads the Indian government, had promised in previous election manifestos to offer Indian citizenship to members of persecuted religious minorities who had migrated from neighbouring countries. Under the 2019 amendment, migrants who had entered India by 31 December 2014, and had suffered “religious persecution or fear of religious persecution” in their country of origin, were made eligible for citizenship. The amendment also relaxed the residence requirement for naturalisation of these migrants from twelve years to six. According to Intelligence Bureau records, there will be just over 30,000 immediate beneficiaries of the bill.
Protest: In other parts of India, political and student activists protested that the law “Marginalizes Muslims, is prejudicial against Muslims” and sought that Muslim migrants and refugees should also be granted Indian citizenship per its secular foundations. The protesters demanded that the law should grant Indian citizenship to Muslim immigrants and refugees too.