Jyothi Rao Phule Memorial Day
- He was born on 11 April 1827 in Maharashtra.
- He was an Indian social activist, a thinker, anti-caste social reformer and a writer from Maharashtra. His work extended to many fields including eradication of untouchability and the caste system, women’s emancipation and the reform of Hindu family life.
- On 24 September 1873 Phule along with his followers formed the Satyashodhak Samaj (Society of Seekers of Truth) to attain equal rights for people from lower castes.
- Phule is regarded as an important figure of the social reform movement in Maharashtra.
- He and his wife Savitribai Phule were pioneers of women’s education in India.He is most known for his efforts to educate women and lower caste people.
- The Phules started schools for children from the Mahar and Mang castes which were both considered to be untouchable in1852.
- He championed widow remarriage and started a home for pregnant Brahmin widows to give birth in a safe and secure place in 1863.
- His orphanage was established in an attempt to reduce the rate of infanticide.Phule tried to eliminate the stigma of social untouchability surrounding the lower castes by opening his house and the use of his water-well to the members of the lower castes in 1882.
- He styled himself as a merchant cultivator and municipal contractor.He was the Important role of the Saraswat Brahmin widow marriage in 1864.
- He died on November 28, 1890 (age 63).
Red planet day
- Red Planet Day is celebrated on November 28 of every year.Red Planet Day is an opportunity to learn about the Red Planet of Mars.
- Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
- Mars is called as “Red Planet” because the reddish iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance. The rotational period and seasonal cycles of Mars are likewise similar to those of Earth as is the tilt that produces the seasons.
- Mars is the site of Olympus Mons, the largest volcano and second-highest known mountain in the Solar System and of Valles Marineris one of the largest canyons in the Solar System.
- It has two moons there are phosphos and dimos.
- 1814 – The Times of London becomes the first newspaper to be produced on a steam-powered printing press built by the German team of Koenig & Bauer.
- 1893 – Women’s suffrage in New Zealand concludes with the New Zealand general election in 1893.
- 1964 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.
- 1994 – Norway’s people voted against to join the European Union.
- 2006 – NASA’s New Horizons Automatic Shuttle took and send the Pluto planet first picture.
- 1945 – Amarkoswami , Indian writer and journalist.
- 1901 – Edwina Mountbatten , wife of Mountbatten
- 1757 – William Blake, English poet and painter
- 1950 – Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1939 – James Naismith, Canadian-American physician and educator, created basketball
- 1954 – Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- 2009 – P.M.Rasamani,Tamilnadu Scholar