Important Events of March – 27

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Important Events of March – 27

Birth Anniversary of Wilhelm Rontgen

  • Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen was born on 27 March 1845.
  • He was a German mechanical engineer and physicist.
  • On 8 November 1895, he produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays.

Honours and awards

  • Rumford Medal (1896)
  • Matteucci Medal (1896)
  • Elliott Cresson Medal (1897)
  • He won the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.
  • In 1907 he became a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
  • In November 2004 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC) named element number 111 roentgenium (Rg) in his honour. IUPAP adopted the name in November 2011.

Death

  • Röntgen died on 10 February 1923 from carcinoma of the intestine in Munich, Germany, aged 77.

Yuri Gagarin Memorial Day

  • Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born on 9 March 1934.
  • He was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.
  • He was the first human to journey into outer space when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

Honours and awards

  • Gagarin became an international celebrity and was awarded many medals and titles, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation’s highest honour.
  • Gold medal and diploma “Man in Space”, the Italian Association of Space.
  • Gold Medal “For outstanding difference” and the Royal Aero Club Diploma, Sweden.
  • Gold Medal Award “for courage” of the Fund Matstsotti (Italy), 2007.
  • The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale awards the Yuri A. Gagarin Gold Medal in his honor.

Death

  • Gagarin died on  27 March 1968 when the MiG-15 training jet he was piloting crashed.

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