Important Events of January – 23


Important Events of January – 23

Nethaji Subash Chandra bose Jeyanthi

  • Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 (at 12.10 pm) in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Bose, an advocate belonging to a Kayastha family.

  • Bose as a student in England preparing for his Indian Civil Service entrance examination, ca. 1920. Bose ranked fourth among the six successful entrants. He resigned from his civil service job on 23 April 1921 and returned to India.
  • Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939. He was subsequently placed under house arrest by the British before escaping from India in 1940.
  • He started the newspaper Swaraj and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.In the year 1923, Bose was elected the President of All India Youth Congress and also the Secretary of Bengal State Congress.
  • His most famous quote/slogan was “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”.Another famous quote was Dilli Chalo (“On to Delhi)!” This was the call he used to give the INA armies to motivate them. Jai Hind, or, “Glory to India!” was another slogan used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces.
  • In the consensus of scholarly opinion, Subhas Chandra Bose’s death occurred from third-degree burns on 18 August 1945 after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed in Japanese-ruled Formosa (now Taiwan).
  • In 2004, Shyam Benegal directed the biographical filmNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero depicting his life in Nazi Germany (1941–1943), in Japanese-occupied Asia (1943–1945) and the events leading to the formation of Azad Hind Fauj.

World Freedom Day

  • World Freedom Day is a memorial day celebrated on 23 January in Taiwan and South Korea.

  • The event marks the return of some 22,000 ex-communist war prisoners of the Korean War (1950–1953) to Taiwan, of whom 14,000 Chinese soldiers arrived at Keelung harbor on 23 January 1954, and were given the title “Anti-Communist Martyrs”.
  • Every year World Freedom Day Celebrations are held in Taiwan, and the event is attended by both locals and foreign delegates from all over the world. Usually, the president of the ROC delivers a congratulatory message, and cultural performances take place.

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