Important Events of February – 19
Birth Anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji
- Shivaji full name was Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Shivaji Raje Bhosale.
- He was the founder of Maratha Empire in India.
- Shivaji Maharaj was a brave and kind emperor.
- Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630, at Shivneri, a hill fort near Pune district.
- Shivaji Maharaj was a brave from his childhood, and he also showed qualities of a ruler and became great kind emperor.
- Shivaji Maharaj father name was Shahaji Raje Bhosale, and he employed as an officer in the army of the Sultan of Bijapur.
- The Shivaji Maharaj mother Jijabai and his Guru Ramdas gives great inspiration to him.
- He was inspired by the knowledge of noble such as Ramayana and Mahabharata with keen interest and patriotic ideas.
Shivaji Maharaj was married to Saibai Nimbalkar in 1640.
Conquest of Shivaji Maharaj
- In 1645, under the Bijapur Sultanate, Shivaji acquired control of various strategic. He made decisive around the Pune
- Torna from Inayat Khan
- Chakan from FirangojiNarsala
- Kondana from Adil Shah Governor, along with Singhagarh and Purandar
- Mohammad Adil Shah again sent his general Rustam Zaman along with larger army and his general will command to them. That time Shivaji faced the battle of Kolhapur.
Fort of Raigad
- The Fort of Raigad is the centre of Shivaji, and it is the power and growth of him.
The Raigad land is truly loved and worshipping to the Shivaji.
- He became the great Sanskrit learner, and he appreciates to the language of Sanskrit.
- He promoted the recruitment of an army. He brought justice to those who wronged. He also ensured that Sanskrit never lost and he replaced Persian words with Sanskrit ones where possible.
- All great quality of Shivaji makes the revolution against the Mughals in the minds of his people.
The Final term
- He inspired his people so much that the Maratha Empire continued to fight the Mughal rule for 27 years after his death. He takes the last breath of his life in the year of 1680.
- Shivaji was the great person, and he is fondly remembered for his acts of bravery and kindness towards his people even today.
- The Birthday of Shivaji celebrated in all over the Maharashtra with grand fervour.
Birth Anniversary of Nicolaus Copernicus
- Nicolaus Copernicus was born in the 15th century on 19 February 1473 in the city of Thorn,in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.
- He was an astronomer, mathematician and scientist,physician,and economist.
- He is best known as the first astronomer to posit the idea of a heliocentric solar system—a system in which the planets and planetary objects orbit the sun.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Memorable Day
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale, the senior leader of Indian National Congress and the founder of Servants of Indian Society.
- He is known to be a mentor to Mahatma Gandhi.
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale was also a social reformer whose goals were to promote non-violence and reform within existing government institutions.
Childhood & Early Life
- Birth : May 9, 1866
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born in a poor family.
- However, his parents made sure that he received English education so that it increased his chances of getting employed in the British Raj
- Gokhale was influenced by John Stuart Mill and Edmund Burke
- Gokhale joined the Indian National Congress in 1889
- He visited Ireland and arranged for Irish nationalist Alfred Webb to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1894
- In 1905, Gokhale was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress
- He founded the Servants of Indian Society
- He was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1899
- He was later elected to the Council of India of the Governor-General of India in 1903
- He was appointed as the Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1904 New Year’s Honours List
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a mentor to both Mohammed Jinnah and Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi even wrote a book called, ‘Gokhale, My Political Guru’
Awards & Achievements
In 1904, he was formally appointed a CIE or Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in the New Year’s Honors List by the British Empire for his services.
- He died on February 19, 1915.
- His political opponent, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, said at his funeral, “This diamond of India, this jewel of Maharashtra, this prince of workers is taking eternal rest on funeral ground. Look at him and try to emulate him.”
Birth Anniversary of U.V. Swaminatha Iyer
- Uttamadhanapuram Venkatasubbaiyer Swaminatha Iyer was a Tamil scholar and researcher who was instrumental in bringing many long-forgotten works of classical Tamil literature to light.
- His singular effort over five decades brought to light major literary works in Tamil and contributed vastly to the enrichment of its literary heritage.
- He is affectionately called Tamil Thatha(Grandfather of Tamil).
- Utthamadhanapuram Venkatasubramanian Swaminathan was born on 19 February 1855 in the village of Suriaymoolai near Kumbakonam in present-day Tamil Nadu.
- Swaminatha Iyer learned Tamil literature and grammar for five years as a devoted student to Mahavidwan Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai, a great poet and scholar.
- Another significant contribution made by Swaminatha Iyer is in the realm of Tamil music.
- In 1919 UV Swaminatha Iyer retired and later he joined as a principal in Meenakshi Tamil College, Kumbakonam.
Awards and Achievements
- In 1887 U.V Swaminatha Iyer successfully published Seevaga Sinthamani , after that he published Pattupattu.
- In 1906, UV Swaminatha Iyer got honorary Doctoral Degree by the University of Madras.
- In 1906 , UV Swaminatha Iyer got Mahamahopathiyaya Award – “Greatest of Greatest Teachers”
- In 1925, UV Swaminatha Iyer got the Title Dakshina Kalanidhi
- In 1940-42 Auto biography of UV Swaminatha Iyer En Sarithiram got published in Ananda Vikadan Tamil Weekly magazine and 1950 it was published as a book.
- In 2006, Indian Postal Department released commemorative postage stamp with , UV Swaminatha Iyer photo.
- UV Swaminatha Iyer published lot of important books, otherwise we may not have a single line from those books like,
- Cilapathigaram written by Ilango Adigal , one of five epic in ancient Tamil Literature, Manimegalai written by Seethalai Saathanar, one of the five Epic in ancient Tamil Litreature and Parananuru, one of the Pathinen melkanakku books of Sangam Period written by more than 150 poets, are published by UV Swaminatha Iyer .
Due to health problem he resigned his job in 1927 and he involved in manu scripting, Editing and publishing until his death on 28th April 1942.
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