Important Event of February – 17
Birth Anniversary of Rene Laennec
- René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec was born in Quimper (Brittany) on 17 February 1781.
- He was a French physician.
- He invented the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker, and pioneered its use in diagnosing various chest conditions.
Early life and personality
- Laennec studied medicine at the University of Paris under several famous physicians, including Dupuytren and Jean-Nicolas Corvisart-Desmarets.
- He became a lecturer at the Collège de France in 1822 and professor of medicine in 1823.
- His final appointments were that of head of the medical clinic at the Hôpital de la Charité and professor at the Collège de France.
Invention of the stethoscope
- The stethoscope was invented in France.
- It consisted of a wooden tube and was monaural.
- Laennec invented the stethoscope because he was uncomfortable placing his ear on women’s chests to hear heart sounds.
Other medical contributions
- He developed the understanding of peritonitis and cirrhosis.
- In 1804, while still a medical student, he was the first person to lecture on melanoma. This lecture was subsequently published in 1805.
- He also studied tuberculosis.
- Laennec wrote A Treatise on the Disease of the Chest, in which he focused on diseases of the chest such as Phthisis pulmonalis and diagnostics such as Pectoriloquy.
- He died of tuberculosis on August 1826 at the age of 45.