Important Articles of Indian Constitution

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Important Articles of Indian Constitution

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  • The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.

  • It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.B. R. Ambedkar, the chairman of the Drafting Committee, is widely considered to be its chief architect.

S.NoArticleDeals with
11Name and Territory of Union
23New States Formation, Alteration of Boundaries etc.
313Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights
414Equality before Law (popularly known as Right to Equality)
515Prohibition of Discrimination (on basis of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)
616Equality in case of Public Employment
717Abolition of Untouchability
818Abolition of Titles
919Protection of Certain Rights to Freedom (popularly known as Right to Freedom)
1019aFreedom of Speech & Expression
1119bRight to Peaceful Assembly
1219cFreedom of Association
1319dRight to Move Freely through India
1419eFreedom of Settlement & Residence
1519f(Omitted as a fundamental right – governed by article 300A.) Right to Own Personal Property.
1619gFreedom to Practise any Profession, Occupation, Trade or Business
1721Right to Life and Personal Liberty
1821ARight to Education
1923Prohibition of Human Trafficking and Forced Labour
2024Prohibition of Child Labour
2125Freedom to Practise & Propagate Religion Freely
2229Protection of Interests of Minorities
2332Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs
2444Uniform Civil Code
2550Separation of Judiciary from Executive
2651Promotion of International Peace and Security
2751AFundamental Duties
2872Powers of President to Grant Pardons etc.
2976Attorney-General of India
3078Duties of Prime Minister
3185Sessions of Parliament, Prorogation and Dissolution
3293The Speaker & Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
33100Voting in Houses
34105Powers, Privileges etc. of Members of Parliament
35106Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament
36108Joint Sitting of both Houses of Parliament
37109-110Money Bills
38112Budget
39123President’s Power to Promulgate Ordinance while Parliament in Recess
40127Appointment of ad hoc Judges in the Supreme Court
41139Supreme Court’s Powers to Issue Certain Writs
42141Supreme Court’s Law Binding on All Courts
43148-149Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
44155Appointment of Governor
45161Power of Governors to Grant Pardon etc.
46165Advocate-General for the State
47167Duties of Chief Minister
48224Appointment of Additional & Acting Judges in High Courts
49224AAppointment of Retired Judges in High Courts
50226Power of High Courts to issue writs
51280Finance Commission
52312All India Services
53324Election Commission
54335SCs and STs claim to Services and Posts
55343Official Language
56352National Emergency
57356President’s Rule in case of Failure of Constitutional Machinery in States
58360Financial Emergency
59368Power of Parliament to Amend the Constitution
60370Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir
61392 Power of the President to remove difficulties

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