Idioms and Phrases – General English Study Material



Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of two or three words. The first word is a verb and it is followed by an adverb or a preposition or both.

These adverbs or prepositions are sometimes called particles. In some cases it is easy to guess the meaning of the phrasal verb.

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I cannot put up with his behaviour any more. – tolerate

Nobody could quarrel with your conclusion. – oppose

Do not hang around here. – move with no aim

They left Iraq before the war broke out. – started suddenly

Generally when the verbs are transitive (they take an object) the phrasal verb is separable and the object can be between the verb and particle or after the particle.


  1. Idioms
  2. Foreign words and phrases
  3. Nouns and adjectives
  4. Idioms and Prepositions
  5. Verbal Idioms
  6. Idiomatic Pairs
  7. Foreign words and phrases

Foreign words and phrases

English language has borrowed profusely from other languages of the world, and absorbed and assimilated them. Here are a few such words:

  1. Till the election of the speaker, the senior member of the Parliament will hold the post ad interim. (temporarily)
  2. People always resist changes. They want to maintain the status quo. (in the former state)
  3. On the eve of his friend’s departure to the States, Rangan bid him adieu! (Goodbye)

Break off —to end; to discontinue; to desist : We had to break off our conversation when he arrived. She broke off in the middle of the story. She did not like his nature and broke off the engagement.

Break up —to disperse; to dissolve : The college will break up for the Puja holidays on 25th October. The meeting will break up after the President has addressed the audience.

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