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Fundamental Duties

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  • The Fundamental Duties of citizens were listed under Part IV-A (Article51A) of the Constitution were introduced by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.
  • They are added on the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by Indira Gandhi in 1975.
  • The idea has been taken from the former Soviet Constitution, now even Russia doesn’t have them.
  • Originally ten duties were added to Article 51A.
  • The Fundamental Duties were increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002.

The list of 11 Fundamental Duties are:

  • To abide by the Constitution and respect the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired the national struggle for freedom.
  • To protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  • To defend the country and perform national services if and when the country requires.
  • To promote the spirit of harmony and brotherhood amongst all people of India and renounce any practices that are derogatory to women.
  • To cherish and preserve the rich national heritage of our composite culture.
  • To protect and improve the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, forests, etc.
  • To develop scientific temper, humanism and spirit of enquiry.
  • To safeguard all public property.
  • To strive towards excellence in all genres of individual and collective activities
  • To provide opportunities of education to the children between 6-14 years of age and parents to ensure that such opportunities are being awarded to their child.

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