Science and Technology – June 2018

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Science and Technology – June 2018

June 2018 – Current Affairs Monthly Capsule  PDF Download 

In this we have given, June Month Science and Technology, Inventions, Space Science and Apps & Web Portal. This is very important for all Competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, RRB, and all PSC Examinations.

June Science and Technology PDF Download

Science and Technology – June 2018

Koko, the gorilla dies at 46

  • The Gorilla Foundation said that the 46-year-old western lowland gorilla named Koko died who knows sign language.

Gene editing tool may raise cancer risk in cells

  • CRISPR-Cas9, a gene-editing technology that is being explored by scientists worldwide as a way of removing and replacing gene defects might inadvertently increase cancer risk in cells, scientists warned on June 11.
  • CRISPR-Cas9 triggers a mechanism designed to protect cells from DNA damage, making gene editing more difficult.

World’s oldest Sumatran orangutan dies

  • The world’s oldest known critically endangered species Sumatran orangutan, Puan has died in an Australian zoo aged 62. It was described as the “grand old lady” of Perth Zoo euthanized due to age-related complications.

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Inventions – June 2018:

World’s smallest computer device created

  • Scientists have developed the world’s smallest computer “Michigan Micro Mote”– a device that measures just 0.3 millimeters and could help find new ways to monitor and treat cancer.

New type of photosynthesis discovered

  • The new study shows that many cyanobacteria or blue-green algae can carry out photosynthesis in the far red light or near infrared light of 750 nm. All photosynthetic organisms use chlorophyll-a for the process, but the researchers found that when cyanobacteria was grown in near- infrared light, chlorophyll a shuts down and a special chlorophyll, chlorophyll-f, performs the same task.

IISc researchers find asthma drug effective in treating TB

  • A drug (Pranlukast) currently used for treating asthma has been found to be effective against tuberculosis, researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, have found.

India’s first robotic telescope

  • India’s newest telescope located at the Indian Astronomical Observatory (IAO) at Hanle in Ladakh has started observing the skies. The country’s first robotic telescope observed its first light of the targeted Messier catalog – a catalog of nearby, bright astronomical sources accessible from the northern hemisphere.

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Space Science – June 2018

Russia launches Glonass-M navigation satellite

  • Russia successfully launched a Glonass-M positioning satellite using a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket.
  • The Glonass network provides real-time positioning data for surface, sea and airborne objects around the globe, at accuracy reportedly on par with the U.S. Global Positioning System.

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) mission reaches unexplored asteroid Ryugu

  • Hayabusa2 probe has reached Ryugu asteroid 300 million km away to collect information about the birth of the solar system and the origin of life after a more than three-year voyage through deep space.

An ‘EPIC’ planet discovered by ISRO’s PRL scientists

  • A team from the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, has spotted for the first time a distant planet six times bigger than Earth and revolving around a Sun-like star about 600 light years away.
  • Both the planet and the star have been named EPIC.
  • The discovery was made using a PRL-designed spectrograph, PARAS, to measure and confirm the mass of the new planet.

Discovery of a Sub-Saturn like Planet

  • Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, discovered a sub-Saturn or super-neputune size planet around a Sun-like star. The planet will be known as EPIC 211945201b or K2-236b.

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Apps & Web Portal – June 2018

Rail MADAD (Mobile Application for Desired Assistance During travel)

  • Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of Railways & Coal launched a new App “Rail Madad”, An App to expedite & streamline passenger grievance redressal.

New Incredible India website

  • The Minister of State (I/C) for Tourism Shri K.J. Alphons launched the new Incredible India website in New Delhi. The website showcases India as a holistic destination, revolving around major experiences, such as, spirituality, heritage, adventure, culture, yoga, wellness and more.

 ‘i-Hariyali’

  • Punjab State Government has launched a mobile application ‘i-Hariyali’ to order free plant saplings.

Uzhavan app

  • The Uzhavan mobile app, launched by the Tamil Nadu Agriculture Department provides information on the government’s schemes on subsidy and crop insurance, the status of seed and fertilizer stock, market price, position of reservoirs and the weather forecast.

 ‘Cop Connect’, the mobile-based application

  • The Telangana police have launched a mobile-based messenger application ‘Cop Connect’, to provide real time information to over 60,000 police officers across the State.

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