CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA – Download Study Materials Here!!!

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CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA

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The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India. The CJI also heads their administrative functions.  In accordance with Article 145 of the Constitution of India and the Supreme Court Rules of Procedure of 1966, the Chief Justice allocates all work to the other judges who are bound to refer the matter back to him or her (for re-allocation) in any case where they require it to be looked into by a larger bench of more judges. The present CJI is Justice Dipak Misra and is the 45th CJI since January 1950, the year the Constitution came into effect and the Supreme Court came into being. He succeeded Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar on 28 August 2017 and will remain in office till 2 October 2018, the day he retires on turning 65 years in age.

How can Parliament impeach a judge, and a Chief Justice at that?

Just like all other constitutional positions, the Chief Justice of India can also be impeached provided the necessary steps as laid out in the Constitution are taken. This is not the first time impeachment has been mentioned in the same sentence as a sitting judge. Justice V. Ramaswami was the first judge against whom impeachment proceedings were initiated.

How will they go about it?

This is where the Constitution comes in. Article 124(4) of the Constitution of India states: “A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.”

How can Parliament impeach a judge, and a Chief Justice at that?

Just like all other constitutional positions, the Chief Justice of India can also be impeached provided the necessary steps as laid out in the Constitution are taken. This is not the first time impeachment has been mentioned in the same sentence as a sitting judge. Justice V. Ramaswami was the first judge against whom impeachment proceedings were initiated.

S.NoNamePeriod
1H. J. Kania1950-1951
2M. Patanjali Sastri1951-1954
3Mehr Chand Mahajan1954
4Bijan Kumar Mukherjea1954-1956
5Sudhi Ranjan Das1956-1959
6Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha1959-1964
7P. B. Gajendragadkar1964-1966
8Amal Kumar Sarkar1966
9Koka Subba Rao1966-1967
10Kailas Nath Wanchoo1967-1968
11Mohammad Hidayatullah[10]1968-1970
12Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah1970-1971
13Sarv Mittra Sikri1971-1973
14Ajit Nath Ray1973-1977
15Mirza Hameedullah Beg1977-1978
16Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud1978-1985
17Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati1985-1986
18Raghunandan Swarup Pathak1986-1989
19Engalaguppe Seetharamiah Venkataramiah1989
20Sabyasachi Mukharji1989-1990
21Ranganath Misra1990-1991
22Kamal Narain Singh1991
23Madhukar Hiralal Kania1991-1992
24Lalit Mohan Sharma1992-1993
25Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah1993-1994
26Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi1994-1997
27Jagdish Sharan Verma1997-1998
28Madan Mohan Punchhi1998
29Adarsh Sein Anand1998-2001
30Sam Piroj Bharucha2001-2002
31Bhupinder Nath Kirpal2002
32Gopal Ballav Pattanaik2002
33V. N. Khare2002-2004
34S. Rajendra Babu2004
35Ramesh Chandra Lahoti2004-2005
36Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal2005-2007
37K. G. Balakrishnan2007-2010
38S. H. Kapadia2010-2012
39Altamas Kabir2012-2013
40P. Sathasivam2013-2014
41Rajendra Mal Lodha2014
42H. L. Dattu2014-2015
43T. S. Thakur2015-2017
44J. S. Khehar2017
45Dipak Misra2017-2018
46Ranjan Gogoi2018-Till Date

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