Velu Nachiyar – The first Queen to fight against the British


Velu Nachiyar – The first Queen to fight against the British

  • Rani Velu Nachiyar  was born on 3 January 1730.
  • She was the queen of Sivaganga.
  • She was the first queen to fight against the British colonial power in India.
  • She is known by Tamils as Veeramangai (“brave woman”).


  • Velu Nachiyar was the princess of Ramanathapuram and the only child of Raja Chellamuthu vijayaragunatha Sethupathy and Rani Sakandhimuthal of the Ramnad kingdom.
  • She married the king of Siva Gangai.
  • She was a scion of solar race or suryavamsam , kasyapa gotram like cholas.
  • She is known to be a very beautiful lady like draupadi the queen of pandavas.


  • Nachiyar was trained in war match weapons usage, martial arts like Valari, Silambam (fighting using stick), horse riding and archery.


  • In 1780 Rani Velu Nachiyar fought the British.
  • she led the charge against her enemies with an army she had built along with the help of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore.
  • She is also credited to have been the first person to use a human bomb
  • Velu Nachiyar ruled Sivagangai for more than 10 years
  • On July 18, 2014, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Jayalalithaa inaugurated the Veeramangai Velu Nachiyar Memorial in Sivagangai


  • She died on February 25, 1796.


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